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Changchun (chängˈcho͝onˈ), city, capital of Jilin prov., China, on the railroad between Harbin and Dalian. An industrial city, it is one of the country's major center of transportation equipment production, including motor vehicle parts. Railroad cars, buses, tires, pharmaceuticals, and textiles are also manufactured. An aluminum plant is west of the city. Changchun is also a center for motion picture production. As Hsinking or Xinjing [Chin.,=new capital], it was the capital of the former state of Manchukuo (1932–45). During this period the city was rebuilt along modern lines. Many of the large administrative buildings have been converted into universities; these include Jilin Univ., a polytechnical university, a medical college, and several technical institutes.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in Northeast China, on the It’ung Ho. Capital of Kirin Province. Population, more than 1.5 million (1970).

Ch’angch’un is an important railroad junction and has an airport. The city’s machine-building industry, one of the largest in China, was developed between 1953 and 1957 with the help of the USSR. Ch’angch’un produces motor vehicles, rolling stock, tractors, agricultural machinery, machine tools, electric machines and equipment for the textile industry, checking and measuring devices, semiconductor devices, and motion-picture equipment. The city has a metallurgical plant. The chemical industry is represented by a pharmaceuticals plant and by plants producing mineral fertilizers, rubber, industrial rubber goods, synthetic fiber, and plastics. There are also plants of the wood-products, paper, ceramic, textile, leather, food-processing, and tobacco industries. Cottage industries produce such articles as rugs. Ch’angch’un has a branch of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and a university.

Ch’angch’un arose in the early 19th century and after the construction of the Chinese Eastern Railway between 1897 and 1903 developed into a large commercial and transportation center. In 1931 the city was occupied by Japanese imperialists, who declared it the capital of the puppet state of Manchukuo and renamed it Hsinching, or New Capital. It was liberated by the Soviet Army in August 1945 but after the withdrawal of Soviet troops was seized by the Kuomintang in 1946. In October 1948 the Kuomintang was driven out of Ch’angch’un by the People’s Liberation Army of China.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, Ch'ang Ch'un
a city in NE China, capital of Jilin province: as Hsinking, capital of the Japanese state of Manchukuo (1932--45). Pop.: 3 092 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Chang Chun Petrochemical's Miaoli Plant is located approximately 100 kilometers southwest of Taipei.
So the PBOC will very likely react to such deflation concerns," said Chang Chun Hua, an economist at Nomura.
Patent 8,722,758 (May 13, 2014), "Water Soluble Polyimide Resin, its Preparation and Use," Kuen Yuan Hwang, An Pang Tu, Sheng Yen Wu, Gai Chi Chen, Ching Jui Huang, and Jen Fu Wang (Chang Chun Plastics Co., Ltd., Taipei, Taiwan).
So, that's why we have come here," said Chang Chun Hui, a Buddhist follower from Taiwan.
and Chang Chun Group, used to enhance output value.
Tokyo, Japan, Jan 23, 2006 - (JCN) - Tokyo Ohka Kogyo (TOK) announced on January 23 that it will expand the LCD material lineup of Chang Chun TOK (Changshu), a joint venture it established with Changchun Petrochemical of Taiwan in October 2004.
STEPHEN MAGUIRE became the first Scot to win the IBSF World Amateur Championship when he defeated Luke Fisher 11-5 in Chang Chun, China, yesterday - but will return home to Glasgow under a cloud.
Union Carbide announced an agreement with Chang Chun Petrochemicals of Taiwan to increase butyl acetate production at Chang Chun's Miau-Li plant to 25,000 metric tons, beginning in January 1996.
The vessels were identified as Chang Chun, Jing Zhou and Chao Hu.
Duterte thanked China for inviting him to tour the Chinese Navy's flagship destroyer Chang Chun which had docked in Davao for a goodwill visit.