Chang Hsien-Chung

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chang Hsien-Chung

 

Born 1606; died 1647. A leader of the Peasant War of 1628–45 in China.

In 1630, Chang Hsien-chung headed a rebel detachment in Shensi Province. In 1635, with Li Tzu-ch’eng, he conducted a campaign in Anhwei Province; he began independent operations in the province in the following year. In 1638 he surrendered to the government and was appointed garrison commander at Kuch’eng, in Hupeh Province. Chang raised another rebellion in 1639 and fought in Hunan and Hupeh. In 1644 he seized the city of Ch’engtu, the capital of Szechwan Province, and proclaimed himself “sovereign of the Great Western State.” In January 1647, Chang was defeated by Manchu and Chinese feudal lords.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.