Chang Tsai

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chang Tsai


Born 1020; died 1077. Chinese philosopher; one of the founders of neo-Confucianism.

Chang Tsai held that the universe is one but differs in its manifestations; its unifying “material force” is the ch’i, which as a result of objective necessity sometimes comes together, forming a multitude of things, and sometimes is dispersed, reverting to the hsü, or Great Vacuity. Another one of Chang Tsai’s basic tenets was that every human relationship is associated with a particular requirement. Such relationships, however, are always contained within love; consequently, the man who loves becomes identified with Heaven and Earth, which give birth to everything and everyone. Chang Tsai also advocated a return to the ching t’ien system, which equalized the availability of land for peasant use.


Konrad, N. I. “Filosofiia kitaiskogo Vozrozhdeniia (O Sunskoi shkole).” In this book Zapad i Vosíok [2nd ed.]. Moscow, 1972.
Forke, A. Geschichte der mueren chinesischen Philosophie. Hamburg, 1938. Pages 56–69.
Chan Wing-Tsit. A Source Book in Chinese Philosophy. Princeton, 1963. Pages 495–517.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
From Taiwan Pao Chang Tsai looks at a sudden queer death to examine the even more lethal combination of social media and artificial intelligence in Solo Date.
Angela Davis, artpaul cartier, Arturo Areimas Theatre, Bandelion/Dandelion, Bahiya Movement, Baobab, Brian Copeland, Charlie Levin, Chris Carlsson, Cirquantique, David Nihill "A Funny Thing Happened ," De Rompe y Raja Cultural Association, Dina Zarif Trio, Fanna-fi-Allah, Florante Aguilar's Aswang, Igor Josifov, Interrogation Room, Jyotsna Vaidee, Krip-Hop Nation, Lua Hadar, Melody of China with VeVe Drummers, Orchestra Gold with Mariam Diakite, Pablo Estigarribia, Pao Chang Tsai, Priya Ramadoss, San Francisco Flamenco Dance Company, Sha Sha Higby, STEAMROLLER Dance Company, Troupe Vertigo, Ushanjali, ViBO Simfani, Vishwa Shanthi Performing Arts, Theatre Flamenco of San Francisco and Yaelisa & Caminos Flamencos and Yvette Dibos
Projects that highlight related issues include Under Ice about the dark side of market capital by leading German playwright Falk Richter performed by Arturo Areimas Theatre from Lithuania and Solo Date about the dangerous combination of social media and artificial intelligence by Pao Chang Tsai from Taiwan.
Presenting partners include the Queer Cultural Center who will co-present Bahiya Movement and Pao Chang Tsai, the US/ Japan Cultural Trade Network who will co-present Baobab from Tokyo, The Korean American Cultural Center of San Francisco who will co-present Ambiguous Dance Company from Seoul and Embark Gallery who will present Yvette Dibos.