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Changchun (chängˈcho͝onˈ), city, capital of Jilin prov., China, on the railroad between Harbin and Dalian. An industrial city, it is one of the country's major center of transportation equipment production, including motor vehicle parts. Railroad cars, buses, tires, pharmaceuticals, and textiles are also manufactured. An aluminum plant is west of the city. Changchun is also a center for motion picture production. As Hsinking or Xinjing [Chin.,=new capital], it was the capital of the former state of Manchukuo (1932–45). During this period the city was rebuilt along modern lines. Many of the large administrative buildings have been converted into universities; these include Jilin Univ., a polytechnical university, a medical college, and several technical institutes.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in Northeast China, on the It’ung Ho. Capital of Kirin Province. Population, more than 1.5 million (1970).

Ch’angch’un is an important railroad junction and has an airport. The city’s machine-building industry, one of the largest in China, was developed between 1953 and 1957 with the help of the USSR. Ch’angch’un produces motor vehicles, rolling stock, tractors, agricultural machinery, machine tools, electric machines and equipment for the textile industry, checking and measuring devices, semiconductor devices, and motion-picture equipment. The city has a metallurgical plant. The chemical industry is represented by a pharmaceuticals plant and by plants producing mineral fertilizers, rubber, industrial rubber goods, synthetic fiber, and plastics. There are also plants of the wood-products, paper, ceramic, textile, leather, food-processing, and tobacco industries. Cottage industries produce such articles as rugs. Ch’angch’un has a branch of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and a university.

Ch’angch’un arose in the early 19th century and after the construction of the Chinese Eastern Railway between 1897 and 1903 developed into a large commercial and transportation center. In 1931 the city was occupied by Japanese imperialists, who declared it the capital of the puppet state of Manchukuo and renamed it Hsinching, or New Capital. It was liberated by the Soviet Army in August 1945 but after the withdrawal of Soviet troops was seized by the Kuomintang in 1946. In October 1948 the Kuomintang was driven out of Ch’angch’un by the People’s Liberation Army of China.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, Ch'ang Ch'un
a city in NE China, capital of Jilin province: as Hsinking, capital of the Japanese state of Manchukuo (1932--45). Pop.: 3 092 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
A short time later, we received an official invitation from Beijing for the family to spend a summer in Changchun City, where I was asked to direct the resident company, the Changchun Modern Drama Players, in a production "of any one of Shakespeare's plays" and to teach a course in Shakespeare and the modern playwrights at Jilin University.
A Chinese girl, whose fiance decided to dump her on their wedding day, attempted to commit suicide by jumping off the 7th story window ledge in Changchun City, Ji'lin Province.
Two Chinese bulldozer drivers have combined their passion for rock-and-roll music with heavy duty vehicles to put on an unusual street performance in China's Changchun city.
From Changchun city, Jilin Province to field collection of aedes, and from linyi city and liaocheng city, Shandong province to field collection of shanxi ZhaChan as biological specimen, which were all dissected under style microscope, the process of the microscope magnified to 50~90 times, then placed the anatomic fascicle in scanning electron microscope (SEM) under observation.
An official at Changchun city's South Lake Hotel, where Kim was widely
The company said the new seven locations bring the number of stores to 30 in Changchun City, 31 in Baishan City and a total of 110 throughout Northeastern China.
DSM Nutritional Products also inaugurated today its fourth premix plant in ChangChun city, Jilin province.
The plant in Changchun City, which will be built as a joint venture with major Chinese automaker FAW Group Corp., may become operational by the end of March 2011.
The Chinese subsidiary is headquartered in Changchun City, Jilin Province of China.
At a meeting with the mayor of Changchun city, Javad Mansouri said that currently the value of the oil contracts between Iran and China has exceeded $20 million.
''Presently, this batch of foreign students have been properly settled in a hotel in Changchun city, and relevant Chinese departments have made proper and considerate arrangements for their accommodation, food, health checks, etc.,'' Ma said, adding the Canadian Embassy has been notified.
Sichuan FAW Toyota Motor Company, a joint venture between Japan-based Toyota Motor Corporation (NYSE: TM) (LSE: TYT) (TYO: 7203), is likely to delay its project in Changchun city, Jilin province, according to National Business Daily.