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Changchow(both: chäng`jō`), city (1994 est. pop. 683,300), S Jiangsu prov., E central China, on the Grand CanalGrand Canal,
Chinese Da Yunhe [large transit river], longest in the world, extending c.1,000 mi (1,600 km) from Beijing to Hangzhou, E China, and forming an important north-south waterway on the North China Plain. The canal was started in the 6th cent. B.C.
..... Click the link for more information. . It is an agricultural, food, and textile center connected by rail with Shanghai and Nanjing. Other manufactures include diesel engines, generators, locomotives, fertilizer, machine tools, and motor vehicles. Tianning Temple, which dates to the T'ang dynasty and is one of China's largest Zen Buddhist temples, is there; its pagoda (constructed 2002–7) is the world's tallest. An economic center of S China since the Southern Sung dynasty (1129–1279), Changzhou became industrialized in the late 19th cent. It was called Wutsin prior to 1949 and the name sometimes appears as Ch'ang-chou.