the remains of a multilevel Bronze Age settlement in Pakistan, located near Sarkand, in the northern part of Sind. Chanhu-Daro was investigated in 1931 by the Indian archaeologist N. G. Majumdar and was excavated in 1935 and 1936 by the British archaeologist E. Mackay. The lower layers have been traced back to three periods of the Harappa civilization (23rd to 17th centuries B.C.). After a short interval, the settlement was again populated, by bearers of the Jhukar culture (c. 16th and 15th centuries B.C.) and still later by bearers of the Jhangar culture (12th and 11th centuries B.C.). Information from Chanhu-Daro has been used by a number of researchers to illustrate the displacement of the indigenous population of the Indus Valley (Harappa civilization) by alien tribes of Vedic Aryans.
REFERENCESDikshit, S. K. Vvedenie v arkheologiiu. Moscow, 1960. (Translated from English.)
Bongard-Levin, G. M. “Kharappskaia tsivilizatsiia i ’ariiskaia problema’.” Sovetskaia etnografiia, 1962, no. 1.
Mackay, E. Chanhu-Daro: Excavations 1935–1936. New York, 1943. (American Oriental Series, vol. 20.)
N. IA. SHCHETENKO