Channel Islands


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Related to Channel Islands: Channel Islands National Park

Channel Islands,

archipelago (2015 est. pop. 164,000), 75 sq mi (194 sq km), 10 mi (16 km) off the coast of Normandy, France, in the English Channel. The main islands are JerseyJersey
, island (2005 est. pop. 90,800), 45 sq mi (117 sq km), in the English Channel, largest of the Channel Islands, which are dependencies of the British crown. It is 15 mi (24 km) from the Normandy coast of France and SE of Guernsey. Saint Helier, the capital, is on St.
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, GuernseyGuernsey
, island, 25 sq mi (65 sq km), in the English Channel, second largest of the Channel Islands. Guernsey bailiwick (2005 est. pop. 65,000) includes Alderney, Sark, Herm, Brechou, Jethou, and smaller islands.
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, AlderneyAlderney
, Fr. Aurigny , anc. Riduna, island (1991 pop. 2,297), c.3 sq mi (7.7 sq km), in the English Channel, northernmost of the larger Channel Islands. It is separated from the French coast and from the other islands by swift tidal races.
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, and SarkSark,
Fr. Sercq (sĕrk), island (1991 pop. 575), 2 sq mi (5 sq km), in the English Channel, E of Guernsey, one of the Channel Islands. It is divided into Great Sark and Little Sark, which are connected by a natural causeway, the Coupée.
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, and there are several smaller islands, including Herm, Jethou, and Lithou; all the islands are dependencies of the British crown. The inhabitants have historically been mostly of Norman descent, but on Alderney the stock is mainly English. In recent years many Britons have moved here, attracted by the favorable tax rates and the pleasant island atmosphere. Both French and English are spoken; in addition, a Norman patois and Norman customs are still maintained by many of the natives.

The mild and sunny climate (35–40 in./89–102 cm rainfall a year) and the fertile soil have made agriculture an important part of the islands' economy. Large quantities of vegetables, fruits, and flowers are shipped to English markets, but dairying is the chief agricultural occupation. The famous Jersey and Guernsey breeds of cattle are kept pure by local laws. Financial services and electronics manufacture are growing sectors of the economy, and the islands are a favorite resort of tourists and vacationers. The chief ports are St. HelierSaint Helier
, town (1991 pop. 24,941), capital of Jersey, Channel Islands, Great Britain, on St. Aubin's Bay. The administrative and cultural center of Jersey, St. Helier is also a residential town, resort, and point of export for local produce.
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 (Jersey) and St. Peter PortSaint Peter Port,
town (1991 pop. 16,100), capital of Guernsey, Channel Islands. Its shallow harbor is protected by piers; vegetables, fruits, and flowers are exported. Hauteville House, the residence of Victor Hugo from 1856 to 1870, contains memorials of the author.
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 (Guernsey). Much of the islands' capital and consumer goods, raw materials, fuels, and foodstuffs are imported.

The islands are divided into two administrative bailiwicks, one of which, Jersey, has more than half the total population. The other, Guernsey, includes all the islands except Jersey. The monarch of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, represented by a lieutenant governor in each bailiwick, is the head of state. Each government is headed by the chief minister, who is elected by the bailiwick's legislature. Jersey's 58-seat Assembly of the States consists of both elected and appointed members. Members of Guernsey's 45-seat States of Deliberation are popularly elected for four years.

Christianization took place in the 6th cent., largely through the efforts of St. Helier and St. Sampson. In the 10th cent. the islands became possessions of the duke of Normandy. At the Norman conquest they were joined to the English crown; they remained under the control of King John and England in 1204 when Philip II of France confiscated the duchy of Normandy. The French attempted unsuccessfully to reestablish control in the 14th cent. and later. In World War II, after the evacuation of some 10,000 military and civilian personnel, the islands were occupied (1940) by German forces.

Bibliography

See study by J. Uttley (1966).


See also: National Parks and Monuments (table)National Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
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Channel Islands

or

Santa Barbara Islands

(săn`tə bär`brə, –bərə), chain of eight rugged islands and many islets, extending c.150 mi (240 km) along the S Calif. coast from Point Conception to San Diego. The islands were visited in 1542 by Juan Rodriguez CabrilloCabrillo, Juan Rodríguez
, Port. João Rodrigues Cabrilho, d. 1543, Spanish conquistador and discoverer of California, b. Portugal. In 1520 he landed in Mexico with Pánfilo de Narváez and joined in the conquests of Mexico and Guatemala.
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, a Portuguese explorer in the service of Spain. They are located from 13 to 68 mi (21–109 km) west of the mainland. Santa Cruz (98 sq mi/254 sq km) is the largest island of the chain. Santa Catalina Island is the most economically developed of the islands and is a popular tourist center. The island fox and the Santa Cruz Island pine are native to the area; large numbers of sea mammals inhabit the waters around the islands, including sea-elephant and sea-lion herds and the California gray whale. Anacapa, Santa Barbara, Santa Cruz, Santa Rosa, and San Miguel constitute Channel Islands National Park, est. as a national monument 1938; designated a national park 1980 (see National Parks and MonumentsNational Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (table)).
References in periodicals archive ?
Michael Collins, Butterfield's chairman and chief executive officer, said, 'We are excited to close the acquisition of ABN AMRO's banking business in the Channel Islands, which is progressing generally as planned and consistent with our expectations announced on 25 April 2019.
With the acquisition of ABN AMRO Channel Islands, Butterfield will expand its presence in Guernsey and Jersey.
Guernsey adds to LJLA's growing list of over 70 destinations, giving the region's travellers the opportunity to travel to this beautiful Channel Island direct from Liverpool, the North West's faster, easier, friendlier airport.
Among Carr's central questions are why it has taken so long to memorialize the people in the Channel Islands whom the Nazis killed, imprisoned, or deported while they occupied the islands during World War II, why people imprisoned or deported to Nazi-controlled prisons and camps have been left out of the Occupation narrative, and why has there been a difference between the two largest Channel Islands, Jersey and Guernsey.
'The Channel Islands are currently hard to reach for passengers in our catchment, with them having to either drive hours to the nearest airport with direct services or having to drive to the UK South Coast and take a ferry, with this being a journey which could take up to eight hours or more.
The search and rescue operation has targeted an area of 280 square miles around Alderney using multiple aircraft from the Channel Islands, France and the United Kingdom.
Barry, of Downham Market, Suffolk, said: "There are a number of Second World War stamps to do with the German occupation of different countries, including the Channel Islands."
The survey findings are based on data gathered in the Channel Islands and acts as a benchmarking tool, providing operators with a clear incentive to improve their service quality.
in the Channel Islands region, about 38 miles (61 kilometers) southwest of the mainland city of Ventura.
Yes maybe we should - BUT be aware that the Channel Islands do not have an NHS to abuse (700,000 missed NHS appointments 2014-15 in Wales alone) and a visit to the doctor and non-emergency hospital treatment has to be paid for.
It appears to have been on the Channel Islands at the nearly same time as humans," Wilkins said in (https://www.nps.gov/chis/learn/news/pr091416.htm) a statement published Wednesday.
The second-year marketing student said: "Against Guernsey Rifle Club we had a great team score and the best-ever result by any team at the Channel Islands event.

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