English Channel

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English Channel,

Fr. La Manche [the sleeve], arm of the Atlantic Ocean, c.350 (560 km) long, between France and Great Britain. It is 112 mi (180 km) wide at its west entrance, between Land's End, England, and Ushant, France. Its greatest width, c.150 mi (240 km) is between Lyme Bay and the Gulf of St.-Malo; at the east, between Dover and Cape Gris-Nez, it is 21 mi (34 km) wide. The Strait of Dover connects the Channel with the North Sea. Principal islands are the Isle of WightWight, Isle of
, island and county (1991 pop. 126,600), 147 sq mi (381 sq km), S England, across the Solent and Spithead channels from Hampshire. The administrative center is Newport.
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 and the Channel IslandsChannel Islands,
archipelago (2015 est. pop. 164,000), 75 sq mi (194 sq km), 10 mi (16 km) off the coast of Normandy, France, in the English Channel. The main islands are Jersey, Guernsey, Alderney, and Sark, and there are several smaller islands, including Herm, Jethou, and
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. The principal Channel ports are Plymouth, Southampton, Portsmouth, and Dover (in England) and Cherbourg, Le Havre, Dieppe, and Calais (in France). Noted resorts include Deauville, France, and Brighton, England. A train-ferry service to carry passengers and freight between Paris and London was opened between Dover and Dunkirk in 1936. There are other ferry and hovercraft links, as well as the link under the Channel via the Channel TunnelChannel Tunnel,
popularly called the "Chunnel," a three-tunnel railroad connection running under the English Channel, connecting Folkestone, England, and Calais, France. The tunnels are 31 mi (50 km) long. There are two rail tunnels, each 25 ft (7.
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, opened in 1994. In 1785, J. P. Blanchard and Dr. John Jeffries crossed the Channel by balloon; the first person to swim across was Matthew Webb (1875); and the first airplane crossing was made by BlériotBlériot, Louis
, 1872–1936, French aviator and inventor. He devoted the fortune acquired by his invention of an automobile searchlight to the invention and construction of monoplanes.
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 in 1909.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

English Channel


a strait between the northern coast of Western Europe and Britain. Together with Pas de Calais (Strait of Dover), it links the North Sea with the Atlantic Ocean. It is about 520 km long, and its width gradually narrows from about 180 km in the west to 32 km in the east. Its depth in the fairway is 35 m, and its maximum depth is 172 m. There are many shoals, especially in the eastern part. Western winds result in a steady eastward current with a velocity of up to 3 km per hour (in narrow sections). Tides are semidiurnal, reaching 12.2 m in some places (Golfe de Saint-Malo). Fogs are frequent.

The channel is important for transportation. One of the major routes (in cargo turnover) from the countries of the North and Baltic seas to North and South America, Africa, Asia, and Australia passes through the channel. The main British ports are Portsmouth, Southampton, and Plymouth, and the chief French ports are Le Havre and Cherbourg. Fishing is well developed (plaice, mackerel, cod, halibut). Plans are under consideration for building a tunnel under the Pas de Calais.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

English Channel

an arm of the Atlantic Ocean between S England and N France, linked with the North Sea by the Strait of Dover. Length: about 560 km (350 miles). Width: between 32 km (20 miles) and 161 km (100 miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Since then, interest has grown in Channel swimming, and there is always a waiting list of people booking places with pilots from the CSA and the Channel Swimming and Piloting Federation in the hope of adding their names to the list of those who achieve it.
Duncan Taylor, secretary of the Channel Swimming Association, who piloted the escort boat, the Mary Mayne, said he maintained an amazing pace through uneven tides.
Ingemar Macarine is a Bohol-based lawyer, election officer, triathlete and pioneer in solo channel swimming in the Philippines.
Susan was a friend of Huddersfield teacher Dee Llewellyn who swam past her as part of a team which smashed the world Channel swimming record on the same day.
Susan Taylora , r 34, was swimming under the guidance of the Channel Swimming Association, which officially authorises attempts, when she got into dif-f ficulty about 5.30pm on Sunday.
Her feat was recorded by the Channel Swimming Association (CSA), which had been set up a few years before to register the achievements of cross-Channel swimmers.
The rules of channel swimming mean you can only wear a hat, goggles and swimsuit - there are no wetsuits allowed.
WWF, the world's largest conservation organization, named Ingemar Macarine one of its three environmental heroes this year for pioneering solo channel swimming in the Philippines to promote marine conservation.
"There are no wet suits allowed due to Channel Swimming Association restrictions so it will be just Speedos, cap and goggles," explained Shantry, who will swim with former Warwickshire player Tom Mees and his partner Emma Lawson.
Michael Oram, chairman of the Channel Swimming and Piloting Federation, said: "Attempts were made by crew to resuscitate him before a French rescue helicopter arrived with medics who tried further resuscitation."
And under channel swimming and British Long Distance Swimming Association (BLDSA) rules no wetsuits may be worn.