Chao Phraya

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Chao Phraya

(chou präyä`),

Mae Nam Chao Phraya,


Menam Chao Phraya

(both: mănäm`), chief river of Thailand, c.140 mi (230 km) long, formed by the confluence of the Ping (c.300 mi/480 km long) and the Nan (c.500 mi/800 km) rivers at Nakhon Sawan, W central Thailand. It flows S past Bangkok to the Gulf of Thailand and is navigable for its entire length. With its tributaries, the Chao Phraya drains most of W Thailand; its valley is the country's main rice-producing region. The many distributaries of the Chao Phraya delta are interconnected by canals that serve both for irrigation and for transportation.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chao Phraya


(or Menam), a river on the peninsula of Indochina; the largest river in Thailand. It has a length of approximately 1,200 km. (From the headwaters of the main tributary, the Ping, the length is about 1,500 km.) Basin area, approximately 150,000 sq km.

The Chao Phraya rises on the slopes of the Khun Tan Range and in the Phi Pan Nam Mountains. It flows from north to south, primarily within the Chao Phraya Lowland, and empties into the Gulf of Thailand of the South China Sea, forming a delta that advances 30–60 cm into the sea each year because of the large amount of sediments. The river is fed by rain and has a monsoonal regime. The high water period is from May through November, with a large part of the delta being flooded in October and November; the lowest water level occurs in April. The mean flow rate in the lower course is approximately 2,700 cu m per sec. The water of the Chao Phraya and its tributaries is extensively used for irrigation, mainly of rice paddies. Logs are floated on the river, and there is fishing, with carp being the main fish. The Chao Phraya is navigable for 400 km (to the mouth of the Ping River); in high water it is navigable for 750 km (to the city of Uttaradit). The cities of Bangkok and Ayutthaya are in the delta.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Now the level of the Chao Phraya river is causing "great concern", the government said in a statement.
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The 305-room, five-star luxury Jumeirah Bangkok will have a prime location on the legendary Chao Phraya River, close to the Sathorn Bridge and Bangkok's Central Business District.
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My boyfriend Brian and I kicked off our 10-day break with a three-day stay in the city at the Marriott Resort and Spa next to the Chao Phraya river.
Seeing Thailand, its people and the beautiful scenery from the viewpoint of the mighty Chao Phraya River provides even regular Thai visitors with a new way of seeing local life and all the hustle and bustle of waterside activity."
Till then, lebua was not on his radar screen -- the luxury hotel towering over the river Chao Phraya doesn't try too hard to promote itself.
As the head chef at Pier Head-based Matou, he enjoys spectacular views over the River Mersey - a constant reminder of Thailand's Chao Phraya waterfront.
This Year nearly 946.000 Krathong(lighted floral floats) was left on the Chao Phraya River by the Thai Buddhist.
Within Bangkok, residential areas in the northern outskirts of the city, as well as on the western side of the Chao Phraya river have so far been worst hit, with waist-deep water in places.