Chapman, John


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Chapman, John,

1774–1845, American pioneer, more familiarly known as Johnny Appleseed, b. Massachusetts. From Pennsylvania—where he had sold or given saplings and apple seeds to families migrating westward—he traveled c.1800 to present-day Ohio, sowing apple seeds as he went. For over 40 years Johnny Appleseed continued to wander up and down Ohio, Indiana, and W Pennsylvania, visiting his forest nurseries to prune and care for them and helping hundreds of settlers to establish orchards of their own. His ragged dress, eccentric ways, and religious turn of mind attracted attention, and he became a familiar figure to settlers. Scores of legends were told of him after he died. However, it was verified that in the War of 1812 he traveled 30 mi (48 km) to summon American troops to Mansfield, Ohio, thus forestalling a raid by Native Americans who were allied with the British. He died near Fort Wayne, Ind.

Bibliography

See biographies by H. A. Pershing (1930) and R. Price (1954); study by W. Kerrigan (2012).

Chapman, John (Gadsby)

(1808–89) painter; born in Alexandria, Va. A portrait and historical painter who divided his time between New York and Washington, D.C., he painted the famous mural, Baptism of Pocahontas (1837–42), in the Rotunda of the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C.

Chapman, John, (real name of “Johnny Appleseed”)

(1774–1847) horticulturalist, missionary; born in Leominster, Mass. Little is known of his youth. He appeared in Ohio in 1800 and began to plant nurseries with apples he brought from western Pennsylvania. He traveled throughout Ohio (1800–12) planting and then pruning his orchards. A mystic, he read aloud from the Bible and the works of Emmanuel Swedenborg, and was credited with many extraordinary acts of kindness to both men and animals. During the War of 1812 he warned isolated farmers of the danger of Indian raids. He carried his planting and missionary work into Indiana in 1838 and died of pneumonia near Fort Wayne, Ind.
References in periodicals archive ?
Craig Carter, Chris Chapman, John Tomes and Stuart Thomas then wrapped up the overall win with a 27-11 fours success against Trevor Hargraves, Graham Hunt, Alan Bales and Dennis Jackson.
Darlington MP Jenny Chapman, John Williams, leader of Darlington Borough Council, and Alasdair MacConachie, Chair of the Darlington Partnership, will host a meeting of key business, education, and community interests from across the borough to begin to plan to respond to the announcement.
London, Sep 17 (ANI): Mark David Chapman, John Lennon's killer, confessed to the parole board in New York that he thought by killing The Beatles singer he would become somebody.
As a member of Monty Python along with Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Michael Palin and Terry Jones, it was perhaps inevitable that Eric would plunder his former experiences for the show.
Was it: Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Terry Jones, or, Michael Palin ?
Surreal comedy, starring the Python team of Michael Palin, Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Eric Idle, Terry Jones and Terry Gilliam.
Idle is adapting the musical's book from the 1975 screenplay he wrote with the other Pythons: the late Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Terry Jones and Michael Palin.
Among those enjoying the revelry included Don Cantillon, Michael Tebbutt, Patrick Gilligan, Nick Chapman, John Scott, John Lockwood, Andrew `Smiler' Harris, Philip `Docks' Docking, Jock McMurdo, Dave McCoy, Adam and Lee Parfait, Sheila Spivey, Julie Claydon, Paul Brown.
SHOT DEAD Walter Chapman, John McConville, Kenneth Worton and Reggie Chapman
Most significantly, writing for the Frost Report, Palin and Jones began rubbing shoulders with Graham Chapman, John Cleese and Eric Idle.
It will host a 'Musings in Drone' programme featuring conversations with artist in residence Anton Newcombe, Rob Chapman, John Doran and Sacred Bones.
"I am sorry for being such an idiot and choosing the wrong way for glory" - Mark David Chapman, John Lennon's killer, who has been refused parole for the eighth time.