chapman

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chapman

Archaic a trader, esp an itinerant pedlar

Chapman

George 1559--1634, English dramatist and poet, noted for his translation of Homer
References in periodicals archive ?
9) One chapter by Jeroen Salman was recently expanded into a comprehensive study of the itinerant trade in cheap print in England and the Netherlands, and the resulting book is useful for comparing Scotland against, to see how the overall Scottish picture compares with other European countries where book historians have studied chapmen in considerable detail, and on a large scale.
Chapmen, pedlars and hawkers were all used, but surviving documentary records indicate that chapman was the predominant term used in eighteenth-century Scotland, whereas by the nineteenth century pedlar was more typical.
A challenge for tackling the questions posed in this paper is the sporadic nature of references to chapmen in documentary sources.
After-death testaments - wills and inventories - are some of the most useful records for tracing Scottish chapmen, and so form the starting point for this paper's exploration.
Looking at after-death testaments (wills and inventories) across Scotland in the late eighteenth century (1750 to 1799), and searching for any for chapmen or pedlars finds examples resident in the range of localities shown below:
This reveals chapmen active in many of Scotland's cities, towns, villages, and rural areas, the length and breadth of the country.
Both of the above examples paint a picture of chapmen selling low-cost everyday goods such as cloth, buttons, and handkerchiefs, all things used daily that would need to be replaced regularly over time.
Some other inventories record chapmen carrying more reading material to sell.
21) Such a comparison suggests that the stock of chapmen was much more limited than booksellers with physical bookshops, with a greater emphasis by chapmen on selling religious works, such as low-cost copies of the Bible and psalms.