chapter house

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chapter house,

a building in which the chapter of the clergy meets. Its plan varies, the simplest being a rectangle. At Worcester, England, the Norman builders created a circular chapter house (c.1100), with vaulting springing from a central pillar. Subsequent examples, adopting this central support for their vaulted roofs but frequently having a polygonal plan, are among the most distinctive achievements of the English Gothic builders. Those at Salisbury, Wells, and Westminster Abbey (1250) are octagonal, while that at Lincoln is decagonal. At York, the octagonal room (c.1300) exhibits a departure in that it dispenses with the central column and is covered with a vaulted wooden roof.
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Chapter house

A place for business meetings of a religious or fraternal organization; usually a building that is attached to a hall for gatherings; occasionally contains living quarters for members of such groups.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

chapter house

A place for business meetings of a religious or fraternal organization; occasionally also contains living quarters for members of such a group.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The focus of the volume is the architecture and archaeology of the buildings of the Charterhouse in their historical context, and of these only the chapterhouse (now the Chapel) survives of the Great Cloister of Sutton's Hospital (i.e., the Carthusian Great Cloister, lined with the monks' individual cells, the chapter-house where they met for business, and the church where they met for divine office).
These include the hidden tunnel beneath the Vatican; Area 51 in Nevada; the former chapter-house of Valencia Cathedral in Spain, where it is claimed that the Holy Grail is held; the island of Montecristo and its treasure; Wewelsburg Castle in Germany, the headquarters of Heinrich Himmler's SS; Disneyland's Club 33, the private retreat designed by Walt Disney before his death; the cavern of Beati Paoli, a secret society of assassins in Sicily; the "Arctic Eden," where seeds of all the world's plants are stored as a precaution against ecological disaster; and university secret societies like Yale's Skull and Bones society.
Once the stones were transported from San Francisco to the abbey, a major challenge was to figure out how the chapter-house stones went together, for they were not only jumbled up with each other but with other stones from other parts of the Spanish monastery.