Chapultepec


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Chapultepec

(chäpo͞ol'tāpĕk`) [Nahuatl,=grasshopper hill], 1,600 acres (650 hectares), park in Mexico City. It was originally developed as a residence for Aztec rulers. A castle built on a hill there in the late 18th cent. as a summer home for the Spanish viceroys later became the traditional home of the rulers of Mexico. Chapultepec, heavily fortified, was the scene of spectacular fighting during the Mexican WarMexican War,
1846–48, armed conflict between the United States and Mexico. Causes

While the immediate cause of the war was the U.S. annexation of Texas (Dec., 1845), other factors had disturbed peaceful relations between the two republics.
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; U.S. Gen. Winfield ScottScott, Winfield,
1786–1866, American general, b. near Petersburg, Va. Military Career

He briefly attended the College of William and Mary, studied law at Petersburg, and joined the military.
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 ordered the storming of Chapultepec on Sept. 12, 1847, and it fell the next day. Nevertheless, its heroic defenders, particularly the "boy heroes" from the adjoining military college who preferred death to surrender, became for Mexicans a symbol of glory. Both Emperor Maximilian and, later, Porfirio Díaz, beautified the grounds and embellished the castle. In 1937, Mexican President Lázaro Cárdenas declared the castle a museum of colonial history and ethnography. Today the park includes several museums, including the world-famous National Anthropological Museum, a boating lake, two amusement parks, and a zoo. The Inter-American Conference on the Problems of War and Peace, which met in 1945, is commonly called the Chapultepec Conference (see Pan-AmericanismPan-Americanism,
movement toward commercial, social, economic, military, and political cooperation among the nations of North, Central, and South America. In the Nineteenth Century
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).
References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: Top: "Poetry Cabaret at Noon with the Infrarealists," a reading series held at Casa del Lago, Chapultepec Park, Mexico City, 1979.
* MEXICO: After nearly six years of maintaining operations in Cuautitlan Izcalli, Lubrizol de Mexico Comercial is moving to Lomas de Chapultepec.
IAPA said the imprisonment of Wolf and use of subpoenas to try to force testimony of San Francisco Chronicle reporters Mark Fainaru-Wada and Lance Williams violates the Declaration of Chapultepec, a press freedom document created by IAPA.
La extraneza que al propio Zorrilla le provoco comprobar que existia una vida americana de su Don Juan muy distinta a la que el habia esperado es, en parte, la misma que busca provocar el escritor Vicente Lenero al recontextualizar la figura del Don Juan en su drama Don Juan en Chapultepec. (1)
For dinner there is Hunan, located in the Lomas de Chapultepec, which serves Chinese cuisine from the region of the same name.
He has sought to bring his ideas into the 2006 presidential election by putting together an economic blueprint called the Acuerdo de Chapultepec, endorsed by 400 business leaders and dozens of politicians, including most presidential candidates.