Jean Martin Charcot

(redirected from Charcot arthropathy)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

Charcot, Jean Martin

(zhäN märtăN` shärkō`), 1825–93, French neurologist. At the Salpêtrière in Paris he developed the greatest clinic of his time for diseases of the nervous system. He made many important observations on these diseases, described the characteristics of tabes dorsalis, differentiated multiple sclerosis and paralysis agitans, recognized that amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) was a disease of the motor neurons, and wrote on many neurological subjects. He experimented with hypnosis of his "hysterical" female patients in lectures that often resembled entertainments rather than medical treatments. Nonetheless, Charcot's insight into the nature of hysteria was credited by Sigmund FreudFreud, Sigmund
, 1856–1939, Austrian psychiatrist, founder of psychoanalysis. Born in Moravia, he lived most of his life in Vienna, receiving his medical degree from the Univ. of Vienna in 1881.

His medical career began with an apprenticeship (1885–86) under J.
..... Click the link for more information.
, his pupil, with having contributed to the early psychoanalytic formulations on the subject.


See biography by G. Guillain (1959); study by A. R. Owen (1971); A. Hustvedt, Medical Muses: Hysteria in Nineteenth-Century Paris (2011).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Classification of charcot arthropathy by modified eichenholtz system (28) Classification Clinical Features Stage 0-Early/inflammatory Localized swelling, erythema, and warmth Stage 1-Development Swelling, redness, and warmth Stage 2-Coalescence Decreased inflammation signs Stage 3-Remodelling No inflammatory sign Bony deformity (stable or unstable) Classification Radiological Features Stage 0-Early/inflammatory Little or no radiological abnormalities Stage 1-Development Fracture, subluxation/dislocation, bony debris Stage 2-Coalescence Fracture healing, resorption of bony debris, and new bone formation Stage 3-Remodelling Mature fracture callus and decreased sclerosis Table 3.
Bilateral Charcot arthropathy of shoulder secondary to syringomyelia: an unusual case report.
Asteberg et al., "Offloading treatment is linked to activation of proinflammatory cytokines and start of bone repair and remodeling in Charcot arthropathy patients," Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, vol.
(3-5) In tabes dorsalis, diabetes mellitus (DM), alcoholic neuropathy, leprosy, syphilis, myelomeningocele, syringomyelia, and intraarticular steroid injections are the other causes of Charcot arthropathy. (1), (2), (6), (7)
* List 3 specific considerations in managing plantar ulcers or acute Charcot arthropathy in people with diabetes.
Cooper, "How effective is intensive nonoperative initial treatment of patients with diabetes and Charcot arthropathy of the feet?," Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.
Charcot arthropathy of the knee is a rare and a possibly underdiagnosed complication of diabetes.
Mak, "Lower-extremity amputation risk after Charcot arthropathy and diabetic foot ulcer," Diabetes Care, vol.
Bilateral Charcot arthropathy is a rare condition [6].
Budiman-Mak, "Mortality risk of charcot arthropathy compared with that of diabetic foot ulcer and diabetes alone," Diabetes Care, vol.
Weiss, "Charcot arthropathy risk elevation in the obese diabetic population," The American Journal of Medicine, vol.