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(1) (CRunTime) See runtime library.

(2) (Cathode Ray Tube) A vacuum tube used as a display screen in a computer monitor or TV. The viewing end of the tube is coated with phosphors, which emit light when struck by electrons.

In the past, CRT was a popular term for a computer display terminal. Today, "monitor" is the correct term as computer displays have long since migrated from CRTs to LCD panels (see flat panel display). Likewise, TV sets no longer use CRTs (see flat panel TV).

Electrons and Phosphors
The CRT works by heating a cathode which causes electrons to flow. Accelerating and focusing anodes turn the electrons into a fine beam that is directed to the phosphors by magnetic fields that are generated by steering coils. The viewing end of a color CRT tube is coated with red, green and blue phosphor dots, and separate "electron guns" bombard their respective colors a line at a time in a prescribed sequence (see raster scan).

The resulting color displayed on screen is derived by the intensity of the electron beams as they strike the red, green and blue phosphors and cause them to glow at each pixel location. See cathode and vacuum tube.

Back to the 1800s
The first oscilloscope tube was developed in 1897 by German scientist Ferdinand Braun. Using a fluorescent screen and still known as a "Braun tube" in Germany, his "cathode-ray oscilloscope" was used to display the patterns of electronic signals. Although better known for inventing the CRT, Braun shared the Nobel Prize in 1909 with Guglielmo Marconi for wireless telegraphy.

The Braun Tube
This is one of five CRT oscilloscopes developed by Ferdinand Braun in 1897. Using a bellows, it took a strong man to evacuate the air. The successor to Sir William Crookes' vacuum tubes some 20 years earlier, these tubes used "cold" cathodes, which means they were unheated, but required a huge voltage. (Image courtesy of O'Neill's Electronic Museum)

CRT Vs. Flat Panel
The CRT gave way to LCD panels in the late 1990s, taking less space, less power and emitting less radiation. This high-quality EIZO LCD monitor was state-of-the-art in 1999. (Image courtesy of EIZO Nanao Technologies Inc.)

CRT Front Projection
The first data and TV projectors used CRTs, and although mostly abandoned, they continue to provide the highest quality. In 2006, this home theater was built by a serious video enthusiast. See front-projection TV. (Images courtesy of Kal of

CRT Rear Projection
Although big and bulky, the Pioneer Elite Pro-107 was perhaps the best CRT-based rear-projection TV ever made. Still working fine after 17 years, this unit was sold for a pittance in 2010. See rear-projection TV.
References in periodicals archive ?
For simplicity, only the term "grantor" has been used in describing the charitable remainder trust.
Planning Point: A common use of the flip unitrust is when a charitable remainder trust is funded with unmarketable assets, such as real property, closely held stock, or some other type of asset for which there is not a ready market.
Charitable remainder trusts are designed in one of two basic variations, as explained below:
Eric King, a Trust and Estate Consultant with The MassMutual Trust Company, FSB, a wholly-owned subsidiary of MassMutual, says the use of a Charitable Remainder Trust in combination with a Special Needs Trust is actually quite common because "the only possible non-person recipient of a Charitable Remainder Trust income stream is a Special Needs Trust.
Under the Tax Relief and Health Care Act of 2006, a charitable remainder trust is subject to a 100% excise tax in any year in which the trust generates unrelated business income--no matter how little unrelated business income it receives.
A charitable remainder trust is exempt from federal income tax (unless it has unrelated business taxable income, discussed later) and, therefore, will not be taxed on the gain.
If you or your spouses are the only beneficiaries of the income from a charitable remainder trust, there is no gift tax.
The pooled funds can also become a marketing distraction when similar vehicles such as charitable remainder trusts are available, according to the PGDC.
If a client donates the "wrong" type of asset to a charitable remainder trust, he or she will be limited to deducting a percent of his or her basis unless the CRT document precludes the property from going to a private foundation at the end of the annuity term.
Had Professor Woods established a Charitable Remainder Trust, his children likely would have received lifetime payments well in excess of $250,000; and his estate would have been able to use a large tax deduction to offset taxes on other inheritable assets.
A common device for handling significant capital gains in a given year, he said, is the charitable remainder trust.
Among the more popular are permutations of two traditional charitable donation plans: the charitable remainder trust and the charitable lead trust.

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