Huggins, Charles B. (Brenton)(1901– ) oncologist; born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. He came to the U.S.A. to attend Harvard Medical School (1920), then taught surgery at the University of Michigan (1926–27). At the University of Chicago (1927–62), he specialized in clinical urology, and discovered hormonal therapy for prostate cancer, for which he won one-half the 1966 Nobel Prize in physiology. He became head of Chicago's Ben May Laboratory for Cancer Research (1951–69), and Chancellor of Acadia University, Nova Scotia (1972–79). He also made major contributions to studies of bone formation, serum enzyme biochemistry, breast cancer, and treatment of leukemia.