Charles Batteux


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Batteux, Charles

 

Born May 6, 1713, near Reims; died July 14, 1780, in Paris. French philosopher. Aestheti-cian and teacher. Member of the Académie Française from 1761.

In the works on aesthetics The Fine Arts Reduced to One General Principle (1746) and A Course in Belles Lettres (1747–48), Batteux developed the ideas of classicism. Following Aristotle’s example, he believed imitation to be the basic principle of art, and he saw the differences among the arts in their means of imitation (in painting, color; in music, sound; in dance, gesture; in poetry, discourse). Only “beautiful” nature was to be imitated, and Batteux considered its embodiment in the art of antiquity as a certain kind of absolute, ahistoric norm. In the spirit of Boileau, he established unchanging rules of “good taste.” His aesthetics also became widespread in Germany and Russia. D. Diderot and G. E. Lessing, D. V. Venevitinov, V. G. Belinskii, and N. G. Chernyshevskii polemized against Batteux.

REFERENCES

Mashkin, A. P. Esteticheskaia teoriia Batte i lirika Derzhavina. Kazan, 1916.
Istoriia estetiki, vol. 2. Moscow, 1964. Pages 376–89.

V. IA. BAKHMUTSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
A traves del dialogo permanente con las poeticas de Charles Batteux y el empirista ingles Blair la excelente investigadora aboga por la comunion del paradigma de lo racional y de lo sensible.
It goes without saying that these criteria could be applied to the didactic poem only as a vague analogy, which of course had not prevented some theoreticians, like Charles Batteux, from trying.
Representative examples of this line of reasoning can be found in Charles Batteux, Cours de belleslettres, ou principes de la litterature, vol.
Las emociones del gusto y su funcion moral y social" se detiene en las opiniones y juicios vertidos por Nifo en su Cajon de sastre a partir de la traduccion de las ideas expresadas por Charles Batteux en su conocida obra Les Beaux Arts reduits a un meme principe.
The priority of musicality over narration was exhibited by Chateaubriand's proclivity for exclamations "o," "frequent feminine endings," and the "echoing vowel 'a" Philosopher Charles Batteux and theoretician Robert Lowth referred back to the Bible as a repository for ancient Hebraic poetry forming humankind's primordial musical and epic utterances and consequenfly important in the contrast prose--poetry.
Charles Batteux (Sao Paulo: Humanitas & Imprensa Oficial, 2009)
As previous exponents of biblical poetry, Pape refers to Charles Batteux and to Robert Lowth, whose Lectures on the Sacred Poetry of the Hebrews Mendelssohn reviewed in 1757.
There Addison had argued that |Fables were the first pieces of Wit that made their appearance in the World' and anticipated Johann Sulzer, Charles Batteux, and the Romantic theorists who argued for an anonymous, primitive, ancient, and oral beginning of the fable (as Noel knew, 77,124).