Churchill, Charles

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Churchill, Charles

(chûr`chĭl), 1731–64, English poet and satirist. Upon his family's insistence he took religious orders in 1756, but life as a London dandy suited him more, and he resigned his curacy. His first poem and perhaps his best work, The Rosciad (1761), a satire on the leading actresses and actors of the day, was an immediate success. His other works include The Prophecy of Famine (1763), a highly topical political satire, and An Epistle to William Hogarth (1763), attacking HogarthHogarth, William,
1697–1764, English painter, satirist, engraver, and art theorist, b. London. At the age of 15 he was apprenticed to a silver-plate engraver. He soon made engravings on copper for bookplates and illustrations—notably those for Butler's Hudibras
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 for his heartless portrait of John WilkesWilkes, John,
1727–97, English politician and journalist. He studied at the Univ. of Leiden, returned to England in 1746, and purchased (1757) a seat in Parliament.
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.

Bibliography

See his works (ed. by D. Grant, 1956); study by W. C. Brown (1953).

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Charles Churchill, general manager of Inn Off the Park, said: "Our premises are a family-run business.
Keymer therefore situates him in the context of satirist Charles Churchill and the Nonsense Club, a gathering of relentlessly fashionable writers that also fascinated John Hall-Stevenson, the devoted friend Sterne celebrated as Eugenius.
Although extremely popular, the work was derivative, borrowing from such works as Hudibras (1663-1678) by Samuel Butler and The Ghost (1763) by Charles Churchill.

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