Charles Cornwallis

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Cornwallis, Charles


Born Dec. 31, 1738, in London; died Oct. 5, 1805, in Ghazipur, India. British military leader and statesman.

Cornwallis commanded large British units (in 1776–78 and 1779–81) as a general during the War for Independence in North America. In 1781 he was forced to surrender at Yorktown. From 1786 to 1793 and in 1805 he was governor-general of India. He introduced a law there on permanent zamindaris (1793). He led operations by troops of the British colonialists in the third Anglo-Mysore War of 1790–92. From 1798 to 1801 he was viceroy of Ireland, where he brutally suppressed the revolt of 1798. As representative of Great Britain he signed the Peace of Amiens of 1802 with France.

References in periodicals archive ?
Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, was on record as being sympathetic to the colonists' cause.
After a remarkable march, these troops played a key role in surrounding Lord Charles Cornwallis at Yorktown; the decisive battle there led to Cornwallis's surrender.
The surrender which ended the Revolution was offered to George Washington by Clinton's subordinate Charles Cornwallis at Yorktown.
In a text of exactly 300 pages (the notes and bibliography each cover over forty pages), it is perhaps an indulgence to spend five pages on Charles Cornwallis (pp.
More than 200 years ago, the once invincible British Army, under the command of General Charles Cornwallis, surrendered to General George Washington's continental troop at Yorktown.
Which was just as well, because soon after, at Camden, British General Charles Cornwallis badly beat Gates, who retreated to North Carolina, leaving South Carolina at the mercy of the British.
One of the most memorialised servants of the East India Company was Governor-General Charles Cornwallis whose portrait statue was erected in East India House, London, as well as others in Madras, Calcutta and Bombay; a funerary memorial under an elaborate cupola in Gorakhpur in addition to a funerary tablet in St Paul's Cathedral, London.
Most of the fighting would not end until the Americans routed General Charles Cornwallis at Yorktown on October 19, 1781.

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