Charles Cornwallis

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cornwallis, Charles


Born Dec. 31, 1738, in London; died Oct. 5, 1805, in Ghazipur, India. British military leader and statesman.

Cornwallis commanded large British units (in 1776–78 and 1779–81) as a general during the War for Independence in North America. In 1781 he was forced to surrender at Yorktown. From 1786 to 1793 and in 1805 he was governor-general of India. He introduced a law there on permanent zamindaris (1793). He led operations by troops of the British colonialists in the third Anglo-Mysore War of 1790–92. From 1798 to 1801 he was viceroy of Ireland, where he brutally suppressed the revolt of 1798. As representative of Great Britain he signed the Peace of Amiens of 1802 with France.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, was on record as being sympathetic to the colonists' cause.
These same men had previously proved, and in the case of Charles Cornwallis would prove again, their capability against other enemies.(45) In the end, Britain lost the war in spite of -- not because of -- the competence of its generals.
Charles Cornwallis. Baron Johann de Kalb, a Prussian officer who was commissioned a general in the Continental Army, was mortally wounded in the battle.
More than 200 years ago, the once invincible British Army, under the command of General Charles Cornwallis, surrendered to General George Washington's continental troop at Yorktown.
Charles Cornwallis; entered the navy at the age of eleven (1755), and won promotion to captain at the early age of twenty-two (1766); during the American Revolutionary War he saw extensive service in the West Indies, fighting at the battle of Grenada under Sir John Byron (July 6, 1779) and at the battle of the Saints under Adm.
ON THIS DAY 1781: Lord Charles Cornwallis surrendered to George Washington at Yorktown, Virginia, in the American War of Independence.
This blockade cut off the supply line to General Lord Charles Cornwallis' British troops at Yorktown, Virginia.
Because the American navy was absent, Symonds does not list the most crucial naval battle in American history, the early September 1781 battle of the Capes, in which a French fleet prevented the British from resupplying Lord Charles Cornwallis's besieged troops at Yorktown.
Which was just as well, because soon after, at Camden, British General Charles Cornwallis badly beat Gates, who retreated to North Carolina, leaving South Carolina at the mercy of the British.
One of the most memorialised servants of the East India Company was Governor-General Charles Cornwallis whose portrait statue was erected in East India House, London, as well as others in Madras, Calcutta and Bombay; a funerary memorial under an elaborate cupola in Gorakhpur in addition to a funerary tablet in St Paul's Cathedral, London.

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