Charles Edward Stuart


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Stuart or Stewart, Charles Edward,

1720–88, claimant to the British throne, b. Rome. First son of James Francis Edward StuartStuart or Stewart, James Francis Edward,
1688–1766, claimant to the British throne, son of James II and Mary of Modena; called the Old Pretender.
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 (the Old Pretender), he was known as Bonnie Prince Charlie and as the Young Pretender. When the failures and irregular life of the Old Pretender had alienated his followers, Charles Edward, a charming young man, magnanimous and brave, became the hope of the JacobitesJacobites
, adherents of the exiled branch of the house of Stuart who sought to restore James II and his descendants to the English and Scottish thrones after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. They take their name from the Latin form (Jacobus) of the name James.
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. He led them in the rising of 1745, but all his enthusiasm could not avert the defeat at Culloden Moor in 1746. Charles fled to a Highland refuge, then escaped abroad with the aid of Flora MacdonaldMacdonald, Flora,
1722–90, Scottish Jacobite heroine. She aided Charles Edward Stuart, known as Bonnie Prince Charlie, to escape to France after the defeat of the Jacobites at Culloden Moor in 1746.
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. He was expelled from France after the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748) and roamed about Europe, a broken drunkard. After his father's death (1766) he lived in Rome as the self-styled count of Albany and in 1772 married Princess Louise of Stolberg-Gedern (see Albany, Louisa, countess ofAlbany, Louisa, countess of
, 1752–1824, wife of Charles Edward Stuart (the Young Pretender), self-styled count of Albany; daughter of a German noble, the prince of Stolberg-Gedern.
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). They separated in 1780, and Charles Edward was attended in his later years by his illegitimate daughter, Charlotte. He died in Rome. There is much English and Scottish poetry and romantic literature about Bonnie Prince Charlie.

Bibliography

See biographies by M. McLaren (1972), D. Daiches (1973), M. Forster (1974), and F. McLynn (1988); see also bibliography under JacobitesJacobites
, adherents of the exiled branch of the house of Stuart who sought to restore James II and his descendants to the English and Scottish thrones after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. They take their name from the Latin form (Jacobus) of the name James.
..... Click the link for more information.
.


Charles Edward Stuart:

see Stuart, Charles EdwardStuart or Stewart, Charles Edward,
1720–88, claimant to the British throne, b. Rome. First son of James Francis Edward Stuart (the Old Pretender), he was known as Bonnie Prince Charlie and as the Young Pretender.
..... Click the link for more information.
.
References in periodicals archive ?
My focus, then, will be on the historical event of the '45 and the historical person of Charles Edward Stuart as they appear in Tom Jones, and I will largely bracket what Fielding has to say on those subjects outside the novel.
Simon added: "One thing was certain, for Charles Edward Stuart the defeat at Culloden was merely a setback.
Charles Edward Stuart, the Young Pretender, entered the Palace of Holyroodhouse in 1745 and declared himself James VIII King of Scots.
What was the nickname of Charles Edward Stuart who led the Scottish Highland army in the 1745 uprising?
Prince Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie) was son of James, the exiled claimant to the British throne.
1700-1800: Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65) was given the nickname 'Butcher' for the merciless manner in which he defeated the Young Pretender, Prince Charles Edward Stuart, at the Battle of Culloden in 1746.
The historic painting shows Charles Edward Stuart, aged about eight, wearing a red velvet coat and medal of the Order of the Thistle.
After she helped Charles Edward Stuart to escape his pursuers she was arrested, shipped to London, and released untried but already much celebrated.
The lost painting by celebrated Scottish artist Allan Ramsay depicts Charles Edward Stuart in Edinburgh the year before his crushing defeat at the Battle of Culloden.
Which island in the Indian Ocean is home to the Pretender Charles Edward Stuart to the Isle tree-dwelling primates known as lemurs?
In 1745, Holyroodhouse briefly came to life once more as a royal palace when Prince Charles Edward Stuart, or Bonnie Prince Charlie, held court there during his attempt to reclaim the throne for his father.

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