Charles Edward Stuart

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Stuart, Charles Edward

Stuart or Stewart, Charles Edward, 1720–88, claimant to the British throne, b. Rome. First son of James Francis Edward Stuart (the Old Pretender), he was known as Bonnie Prince Charlie and as the Young Pretender. When the failures and irregular life of the Old Pretender had alienated his followers, Charles Edward, a charming young man, magnanimous and brave, became the hope of the Jacobites. He led them in the rising of 1745, but all his enthusiasm could not avert the defeat at Culloden Moor in 1746. Charles fled to a Highland refuge, then escaped abroad with the aid of Flora Macdonald. He was expelled from France after the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748) and roamed about Europe, a broken drunkard. After his father's death (1766) he lived in Rome as the self-styled count of Albany and in 1772 married Princess Louise of Stolberg-Gedern (see Albany, Louisa, countess of). They separated in 1780, and Charles Edward was attended in his later years by his illegitimate daughter, Charlotte. He died in Rome. There is much English and Scottish poetry and romantic literature about Bonnie Prince Charlie.


See biographies by M. McLaren (1972), D. Daiches (1973), M. Forster (1974), and F. McLynn (1988); see also bibliography under Jacobites.

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References in periodicals archive ?
| |1745: Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie), with only seven men, landed in Scotland, quickly raised an army and marched South in the third rebellion.
In turn, it is Petrie's Bonnie Prince Charlie rather than Blanchet's Charles Edward Stuart that in the popular imagination is the recognisable Jacobite icon today.
The notion that the Presbyterians opposed to the 1707 Union could be seen as Jacobites is hard to reconcile with the experience of the Covenanters in the late seventeenth century, while the Republican thrust of Irish nationalism seems far removed from the campaign of Prince Charles Edward Stuart (as Pittock concedes, 'Irish Jacobitism was strong, but its strength was substantively that of its adjective').
Foremost among the latter is an engraving of Charles Edward Stuart (shown in illus.3) glued on to p.290, ornamented by Wade, and folded over so as to come between pp.290 and 291 (in other words, opening fully with p.291).
Home entered the church, then fought against the Jacobites in the 1745 uprising led by Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie).
In his old age, in permanent exile in Italy, the land of his birth, Charles Edward Stuart, once known as the Young Pretender, forever romanticized as Bonni Prince Charlie, spent much of his time reading; among the works a recent biographer calls his "particular favourites," one title stands out--Tom Jones.(1) His choice of reading material is striking for anyone interested in either Fielding or Stuart history, both because Charles Stuart actually figures in the novel (much of which is set during the 1745 rebellion) and because the weight of available evidence suggests that Fielding despised the Stuarts and their Jacobite followers.
The name arose because he eventually had a son, Charles Edward Stuart (1720-1788), who was called the Young Pretender.
A monument to Flora MacDonald describing her as the "Preserver of Prince Charles Edward Stuart" has been cleaned and a boundary wall restored thanks to the efforts of Kilmuir Community Council in partnership with Highland Council.
1720: Charles Edward Stuart - Bonnie Prince Charlie, the"Young Pretender" - was born in Rome.
1745: Charles Edward Stuart's invading Scottish army reached Derby on its march towards London during the Second Jacobite Rising: the expected support from English Jacobites had failed to materialise and it was decided to turn back - as it proved, towards eventual defeat at Culloden in April 1746.
Much has been written about the political and cultural impacts of the 1746 Battle of Culloden that ended the Jacobite Rising of Prince Charles Edward Stuart, says Reid, but little about the battle itself.

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