Charles Emmanuel I

Charles Emmanuel I

Charles Emmanuel I, 1562–1630, duke of Savoy (1580–1630), son and successor of Emmanuel Philibert. He continued his father's efforts to recover territories lost to the duchy, but his reckless, although cunning, diplomacy undermined many of the sound economic and political achievements of the previous decades. His goal to incorporate Geneva, Saluzzo, and Montferrat into Savoy caused him to oscillate in his alliances between France and Spain. In the long run he met with only limited success. In 1602 he tried unsuccessfully to reconquer Geneva by surprise attack. He recovered Saluzzo from the French by the Treaty of Lyons (1601), giving up, in exchange, Bresse, Bugey, Gex, and Pinerolo, but he lost Saluzzo just before his death. He waged war over the succession to Montferrat for much of the first quarter of the 16th cent. At the time of his death his duchy was overrun by the French. Charles Emmanuel, called the Great, was succeeded by his son, Victor Amadeus I.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Charles Emmanuel I

 

(Carlo Emanuele). Born Jan. 12, 1562, in Rivoli; died July 26, 1630, in Savigliano. Duke of Savoy from 1580.

Charles Emmanuel drew Savoy into numerous destructive wars, primarily against France (including the wars for the marquessate of Saluzzo, 1588–1601, and for the succession of Mantua, 1628–). These wars undermined the country’s economy and resulted in the loss of a number of territories.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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