Fox, Charles James

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Fox, Charles James,

1749–1806, British statesman and orator, for many years the outstanding parliamentary proponent of liberal reform. He entered Parliament in 1768 and served as lord of the admiralty (1770–72) and as lord of the treasury (1772–74) under Frederick, Lord NorthNorth, Frederick North, 8th Baron,
1732–92, British statesman, best known as Lord North. He entered Parliament in 1754 and became a junior lord of the treasury (1759), privy councilor (1766), and chancellor of the
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. Dismissed by George III, he went into bitter opposition, lending his remarkable oratorical genius to the attack on North's policy in North America.

Despite the king's objection, he became foreign secretary in the marquess of Rockingham's Whig ministry (1782) and helped to secure the repeal of Poynings's Law (see under Poynings, Sir EdwardPoynings, Sir Edward,
1459–1521, English statesman. After taking part in an insurrection (1483) against Richard III, he fled to the Continent, where he joined the followers of Henry Tudor, earl of Richmond, who in 1485 ascended the English throne as Henry VII.
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), thus giving Ireland legislative independence. He quarreled with the earl of ShelburneShelburne, William Petty Fitzmaurice, 2d earl of,
1737–1805, British statesman. He served briefly (1763) as president of the Board of Trade in George Grenville's cabinet but then became a supporter of William
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 over the negotiation of peace with the former American colonies, France, and Spain, and he resigned when Shelburne succeeded Rockingham. Fox then allied himself with his old enemy, Lord North, to insure Shelburne's defeat, and he became (1783) foreign secretary again, in a coalition with North. This ministry fell in the same year, when George III brought his influence to bear in the House of Lords to secure defeat of Fox's bill vesting the government of India in a commission nominated by Parliament. He was replaced in office by William PittPitt, William,
1759–1806, British statesman; 2d son of William Pitt, 1st earl of Chatham. Trained as a lawyer, he entered Parliament in 1781 and in 1782 at the age of 23 became chancellor of the exchequer under Lord Shelburne.
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, whom he bitterly opposed for the rest of his life.

In 1788, when George III became temporarily insane, Fox wanted an unrestricted regency vested in the prince of Wales (later George IVGeorge IV,
1762–1830, king of Great Britain and Ireland (1820–30), eldest son and successor of George III. In 1785 he married Maria Anne Fitzherbert, a Roman Catholic.
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). This position seemed to belie his strongly professed belief in the supremacy of Parliament and the need to restrict royal power, but the prince, who was Fox's close friend, would have brought Fox and the Whigs back to office. George III recovered, however, and Fox remained out of power.

Fox favored the French Revolution and opposed British intervention in the French Revolutionary Wars. He objected to the suppression of civil liberties in wartime and was the parliamentary spokesman of several reform movements, urging such measures as enlargement of the franchise, parliamentary reform, and political rights for Roman Catholics and dissenters. At Pitt's death he became (1806) for a few months foreign secretary in the "ministry of all the talents." Abolition of the slave trade, which he proposed and urged, was passed in 1807, soon after his death.

Fox combined dissolute habits with remarkable warmth of character and great courage and skill in debate. Although he could be opportunistic as well as idealistic, he is remembered as a great champion of liberty.

Bibliography

See biographies by G. O. Trevelyan (1880, repr. 1971), E. C. P. Lascelles (1936, repr. 1970), J. W. Derry (1972), and D. Schweitzer (1989); E. Eyck, Pitt versus Fox (tr. by E. Northcott, 1950); J. Carswell, The Old Cause (1955); J. Cannon, The Fox-North Coalition (1970); L. G. Mitchell, Charles James Fox and the Disintegration of the Whig Party, 1782–1794 (1971).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fox, Charles James

 

Born Jan. 24, 1749, in London; died Sept. 13, 1806, at Chiswick, near London. British statesman.

Fox was the leader of the radical left wing of the Whigs. He served as a member of the government in 1782, 1783, and 1806. He considered that Great Britain’s trade and colonial monopoly could be consolidated under peaceful competitive conditions. Fox condemned the war of 1775–83 against the British colonies in North America, and he warmly welcomed the French Revolution and opposed war with France. Fox supported parliamentary reforms to increase bourgeois representation and to weaken the position of the aristocracy.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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They know the speed with which they come straight through the thin masquerade, and conceive a disgust at the indigence of nature: Rousseau, Mirabeau, Charles Fox, Napoleon, Byron, --and I could easily add names nearer home, of raging riders, who drive their steeds so hard, in the violence of living to forget its illusion: they would know the worst, and tread the floors of hell.
He also wrote Roberta Flack's "Killing Me Softly" with his longtime collaborator Charles Fox, winning the Song of the Year Grammy in 1973.
Charles Fox, who lives in Harrisburg, said he's ready for the restaurant to open.
The company also issued 2,037,879 common shares to TI Nevada, LLC, 212,121 common shares to Charles Fox, 47,000 common shares to Toro Pacific Management Inc., 60,000 common shares to Chris Hunt, and 470,000 common shares to Benjamin Rutledge in connection with the acquisition.
Betty F, who was ridden by Gerald Mosse, is named after part-owner Charles Fox's mother, and Fox was quick to give credit to winning trainer Jeremy Noseda for getting the juvenile ready to score first time.
Clarke and the Duke of York, or Charles Fox sharing women with his friends, who would never have heard several centuries before about the Amy Robsart affair or the Somerset/Overbury murder scandal.
Even more helpfully, this chronological perspective catches features in that career easily overlooked between the dramatic high points of the American and French revolutions: in particular, Burke's intense period of parliamentary activity from 1780 to 1784, including his two, short spells in government as paymaster general; the death of his patron, Lord Rockingham, in 1782; the subsequent improbable alliance between Charles Fox and Lord North; and the trauma of electoral defeat to Pitt the Younger in 1784.
The singer also met Charles Fox, the man who composed the Roberta Flack soul classic Killing Me Softly, and Mike Stoller, one of the godfathers of 1950s rock 'n' roll, who co-wrote Elvis' Hound Dog.
Dr Charles Fox, project manager of IBEX at Hunshelf Hall Farm, said: "The farmer user advice group for the IBEX project gives a current cost of spraying at 9.30 [pounds sterling]/acre [22.98 [pounds sterling]/ha] to employ minimum-wage labour to manually spray the weed area--not including the chemical cost.
Mr Recorder Charles Fox, recorded a not guilty verdict.
We also have an extensive collection of writings from Seymour's one-time spiritual tutor and later arch-nemesis, Charles Fox Parham, whose Bible Schools in Topeka, Kansas and Houston, Texas had brought to the fore some of the original theological ideas of Pentecostalism (especially speaking in tongues as evidence of the movement of the Holy Spirit in one's soul).