Jacques Charles François Sturm

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sturm, Jacques Charles François


Born Sept. 29, 1803, in Geneva; died Dec. 18,1855, in Paris. French mathematician. Member of the Académie des Sciences (1836); foreign corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1836).

In 1840, Sturm became a professor at the Ecole Polytechnique in Paris. His principal works deal with the solution of boundary value problems of the equations of mathematical physics and the associated problem of finding the eigenvalues and eigenfunctions for ordinary differential equations. He gave a general method for determining the number of roots of an algebraic equation that lies on a given interval. Sturm also contributed papers on optics and mechanics.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.