Charles Gide

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Gide, Charles


Born June 29, 1847, in Uzèc, France; died Mar. 13, 1932, in Paris. French economist, historian of political economy, and theoretician of the French cooperative movement.

Gide graduated from the law department of the University of Paris in 1874. He was a professor of political economy at the university from 1898 to 1920. In 1886 he joined the Society for the National Economy, created by E. de Boyve in Nimes, which subsequently became the base of the Nimes school of cooperative thought. He sided with the subjective school of bourgeois political economy. Gide propagated petit bourgeois “cooperative socialism,” mistakenly thinking that capitalist production could be reformed by the widespread development of consumers’ cooperatives. The Utopian, reactionary nature of this teaching was exposed by V. I. Lenin.


Histoire des doctrines économiques, 7th ed., vols. 1-2. Paris, 1947. (Jointly with C. Rist).
In Russian translation:
Obshchestva potrebitelei, 2nd ed., parts 1–2. Moscow, 1917.
O kooperatsii. Moscow, 1917.
Istoriia ekonomicheskikh uchenii, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1918.


Lenin, V. I. Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 9, p. 341; vol. 19, pp. 345–54; vol. 45, pp. 369–77.
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Le pere Levesque, selon les deux chercheurs, s'alimente, pour repondre a ces quatre questions, a trois sources principales : la doctrine sociale de l'Eglise et son interpretation par les eveques du Quebec ; les ecrits de Charles Gide, eminent concepteur et animateur du mouvement cooperatif francais ; les pionniers de Rochdale, initiateurs des grands principes de cette economie cooperative encore portes aujourd'hui par son organisation internationale, l'Alliance cooperative internationale (ACI), mais regulierement mis a jour.
Sur le troisieme enjeu, le pere Levesque en arrive a se demarquer de son mentor Charles Gide en considerant que les cooperatives constituent un " secteur" de l'economie et non un possible nouveau "regime economique ".
He also studied social economy in Paris with the socialist Charles Gide and at the Wharton School of Economics in Philadelphia with the progressive liberal Simon N.
On the fringe of heterodoxy, Charles Gide is depicted as a representative of the "cooperationist movement" (chapter 5).
Contract notice: Project Management Mission For Landscaping And Recreational Development Avenue Charles Gide To The Swifts.