Finney, Charles Grandison

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Finney, Charles Grandison,

1792–1875, American evangelist, theologian, and educator, b. Warren, Conn. Licensed to the Presbyterian ministry in 1824, he had phenomenal success as a revivalist in the Eastern states, converting many who became noted abolitionistsabolitionists,
in U.S. history, particularly in the three decades before the Civil War, members of the movement that agitated for the compulsory emancipation of the slaves.
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. In 1834 the Broadway Tabernacle, New York City, was organized for him. Under his leadership this church withdrew from its presbytery and adopted the Congregational form of government. In 1837, Finney went to Oberlin College, where he was professor of theology until 1875 and president of the college from 1851 to 1865. At the same time he was pastor of the Oberlin Congregational Church and continued his evangelistic tours until his death, twice visiting England to conduct revivals. His theological writings, published chiefly in the Oberlin Evangelist, which he founded and edited, were of great influence and set the tone of "Oberlin theology," one of the forms of New School Calvinism. His Lectures on Revivals of Religion (1835) became the classic book for generations of revivalists.

Bibliography

See his memoirs (1876, repr. 1973); study by V. R. Edman (1951); W. G. McLoughlin, Modern Revivalism (1959).

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Finney, Charles Grandison

(1792–1875) Protestant religious leader, educator; born in Warren, Conn. Raised on the verge of the frontier in Oneida County, N.Y., he studied for the bar but turned to evangelism after an emotional religious conversion in 1821. He was ordained a Presbyterian minister in 1824 and shortly afterwards launched an eight-year revival campaign that carried him through New York, New England, and the mid-Atlantic states. Named pastor of the Second Free Presbyterian Church in New York City in 1832, he resigned two years later to become pastor of Broadway Tabernacle, a Congregational church organized especially for him. In 1835 he became professor of theology at Oberlin College in Ohio, beginning an association that would continue for the rest of his life. Two years later he accepted the pastorship of the First Congregational Church in Oberlin. He was president of Oberlin College from 1851–66. His Memoirs, about his lifetime of teaching, preaching, and evangelism, appeared the year after his death.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
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Charles Grandison Finney, who sought to bring sinners into the faith by "melting down" their sin, allegedly for their own good.
The revivals that broke out in North Wales in 1839 and 1840 and in South Wales for the three years following were the first to extensively use the revival techniques championed by the American Presbyterian revivalist Charles Grandison Finney. Finney had argued in his Lectures on Revivals (1835), a book translated into Welsh in 1839, that a religious revival was not so much a supernatural implosion of the divine presence in a community, but an event that could be staged through the correct use of a number of techniques.
The Lane Rebels, along with theology professor Charles Grandison Finney, insisted that African American students be admitted on the same terms as whites and that free speech be protected.
On page 49, the author quotes Charles Grandison Finney, noted revival preacher, as saying that a conversion "is not a miracle or dependent on a miracle in any sense ...
(20.) Charles Grandison Finney, Lectures on Revivals of Religion (1835; Cambridge, Mass.
It was condemned by some prominent people, including Benjamin Disraeli, Millard Fillmore and Charles Grandison Finney, the famed revivalist of the 1840s.
Rummaging around for a title to his now-classic study of the religious movements that rocked central and western New York state during the first half of the nineteenth century, Whitney Cross decided that he could do no better than to lean on Charles Grandison Finney. These territories represented a burned-over district, he concluded, a land exhausted by decades of religious fervor and creativity.
They convinced wealthy abolitionists in the East that there was a weak revival spirit on the Western frontier and that religious heresies were threatening to "undermine the foundations of pure religion." They persuaded the famous revivalist Charles Grandison Finney to come to Oberlin to teach.
Charles Grandison Finney opened his series of weekly Lectures on Revivals of Religion that he delivered in New York in 1835 by asserting that, employing the "laws of nature," a religious revival could be induced among a group of people with the same certainty as one might cultivate a crop of grain.
He could have been talking about Jonathan Edwards or Charles Grandison Finney.
Intent on correcting our collective amnesia, Invisible Giants offers profiles of extraordinary, neglected people, including Oliver Evans, a prodigious and prophetic inventor; Henry Haupt, a formidable figure in the history of American engineering and railroading; and Charles Grandison Finney, the evangelist who, claims selector Edmund S.
And the voices of his people boom from the pages: slave revolutionaries like Denmark Vesey; religious zealots like Charles Grandison Finney; the colorful collection of Grimke family members and slaves; love-smitten Quaker Israel Morris, who-encouraged Sarah Grimke to "lift up thy voice" against slavery; the single- and narrow-minded Tappan brothers and William Lloyd Garrison; free-spirited Lucretia Mott; inflexible Booker T.