Charles Maurras


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Maurras, Charles

 

Born Apr. 20, 1868, in Martigues, Bouches-du-Rhône; died Nov. 16, 1952, in Tours. French publicist, critic, and poet.

In 1899, Maurras joined the royalist group that had arisen around the biweekly journal Revue de l’Action française; in 1908, the journal became the daily newspaper L’Action française, whose guiding spirit was Maurras. In his articles, Maurras called for discipline and order in society; he asserted the beneficial nature of hereditary monarchy and Catholicism and declared the superiority of the “Latin race” over other peoples. He set forth his political ideas in Enquiry Concerning Monarchy (1900–09) and Kiel and Tangier (1910). Maurras regarded 17th-century classicism as his ethical and aesthetic standard. He wrote a number of books discrediting romanticism and praising the Greco-Roman sources of French culture; among these are The Road to Paradise (1894), Anthinéa (1901), The Lovers of Venice (1902), and The Future of Intelligence (1905).

In his poetry of the 1890’s, Maurras founded the école romane, which opposed symbolism; in essence this was only a variety of the decadent and symbolist movements (the collections For the Sake of Psyche, published separately in 1911, and Inscriptions, 1921). During World War II, Maurras was a rabid chauvinist. During World War II he was the official ideologist of the Pétain government, which collaborated with the fascist German invaders.

WORKS

Oeuvres capitales, vols. 1–4. Paris [1954].
Critique et poésie. Paris, 1968.

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 3. Moscow, 1959.
Massis, H. Maurras et notre temps. Paris [1961]

V. E. SHOR

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[30] Wielomski A., Charles Maurras wobec protestantyzmu [in:] Grott B.
Two books have appeared within the last decade that deal with conservative thought in an especially enlightening manner: Yuval Levin's The Great Debate: Edmund Burke, Thomas Paine, and the Birth of Right and Left and Domenico Fisichella's La democrazia contro la realta: il pensiero politico di Charles Maurras. Both authors have relished the whirlwind of political life, Levin as a George W.
Charles Maurras, leader of the deeply reactionary Action Francaise, saw Coubertin's Olympics as a liberal Anglo-Saxon plot to undermine racial vigour and native pride.
She minimizes the influence of Charles Maurras in this regard, traditionally seen as the vieux maitre influencing the Jeune droite, in favour of Leon Daudet and Henri Massis, who were more inclined to use journalism and essays concerning culture and aesthetics as political weapons than old-fashioned monarchism and literature.
Hemos identificado seis corrientes de acuerdo con los tres idiomas con mas relevancia en la biblioteca [4] y los tres siglos con mayor representacion [5]: 1) la escuela intelectual de la Accion Francesa, alrededor de su maestro Charles Maurras; 2) los contrarrevolucionarios, legitimistas, tradicionalistas y panfletarios catolicos franceses; 3) la contra-ilustracion (Gegenaufklarung) y el romanticismo aleman; 4) los pensadores de la "Revolucion conservadora" o de la nebulosa neo-conservadora alemana; 5) los romanticos, apologistas del cristianismo y conservadores ingleses, y 6) el liberalismo intelectual y economico europeo.
If I wanted, for example, to publish a translated volume of Charles Maurras, whom Eliot always saluted as his master, it would not be a major undertaking.
(25) See, Michael Sutton, Nationalism, Positivism and Catholicism: The Politics of Charles Maurras and French Catholics, 1890-1914 (Cambridge, 1982), pp.
Anything that smacks of complexity goes against its inner logic; it is precisely why Charles Maurras, another French antisemite, took great delight in hawking a worldview that "enables everything to be arranged, smoothed over and simplified."
Charles Maurras: "Nao e simples louvar o senhor Marcel Proust: seu primeiro livro, esse Traite des Plaisirs et des Jours [sic], que acabou de publicar, marca uma tao extrema diversidade de talentos que ficase atrapalhado ao ter que observa-los todos, ao mesmo tempo, em um escritor tao jovem.