Charles Messier

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Messier, Charles


Born June 26, 1730, in Badonviller; died Apr. 12, 1817, in Paris. French astronomer. Member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1770).

Messier carried out systematic searches for new comets, and between 1763 and 1802 he discovered 14 comets, including the 1770 I short-period comet, now called Lexel’s comet. In 1781 he compiled a catalog of nebulae and star clusters containing 103 objects.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Though it was discovered in 1780 by Pierre Mechain, French astronomer Charles Messier later added it to his "Catalogue of Nebulae and Star Clusters," which contains 110 astronomical objects.
Caption: MISTAKEN IDENTITY Charles Messier thought he detected nebulosity surrounding this modest group of stars; however, his conclusion must have been the result of a trick of the eye--or eyepiece.
He introduced then to the Messier Catalogue of Deep Space Objects, compiled by Charles Messier in the late 1760s.
Discovered by Pierre Mechain in 1779, the galaxy later made it as the 63rd entry into fellow French astronomer Charles Messier's famous catalogue, published in 1781.
The Orion Nebula is also known as Messier 42, or simply M42, signifying its place as the 42nd object in the catalog of the 18th-century French astronomer Charles Messier. A 3-inch telescope at a magnification of 60x reveals the Trapezium, a tiny lopsided box of four stars buried in the nebula's brightest part.
ANSWERS: 1 Ninety; 2 Hockenheimring and Nurburgring; 3 Mountains in the Alps; 4 Charles Messier; 5 Angelo Dundee; 6 David Lloyd George; 7 Shadow puppetry using small paper figures; 8 A wide area of mineral-rich rock; 9 Amy Farrah Fowler; 10 Main.
Messier 30 were discovered by Charles Messier (1730-1817) on 3 August 1764 near the star 41 Capricorni.
This earned it a place in Charles Messier's famous catalog of astronomical objects.
The French astronomer Nicolas Louis de Lacaille first documented the stellar grouping around 1752, and some 26 years later another French astronomer, Charles Messier, included the cluster as the 55th entry in his famous astronomical catalogue.
Charles Messier was an 18th century French astronomer and passionate comet hunter who was the first to discover 13 new comets.
''Messier Cards,'' named after French astronomer Charles Messier (1730-1817), were developed using his space object catalogue as a reference, and photos of the Andromeda Galaxy, the Pleiades and other astronomical bodies taken at a local science facility and descriptions about them are printed on the cards.