Charles Nodier


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Nodier, Charles

 

Born Apr. 29, 1780, in Besançon; died Jan. 27, 1844, in Paris. French writer. Member of the Académie Française (1833).

The son of a lawyer, Nodier studied at the Ecole Centrale in Besançon. His first novel was The Exiles (1802). After the publication in London in 1803 of a satire on Napoleon, Nodier was forced into exile. In 1812–13 he edited the newspaper Télégraphe illyrien in Laibach (now Ljubljana). The Balkan Slavs’ struggle for independence inspired him to write the novel Jean Sbogar (published anonymously in 1818 in Paris), which became a landmark in the history of French romanticism.

On returning to Paris, Nodier founded the first cénacle (a coterie or group that formed around the early leaders of the romantic movement). His penchant for “black romance” (Smarra, 1821; published under the pseudonym M. Odin) did not affect the folktale quality of his stories, especially those written in the 1830’s. The majority of them served as models for the fantastic short story.

WORKS

Oeuvres, vols. 1–12. Paris, 1833–37.
Contes. Paris [1961].
In Russian translation:
Izbr. proizv. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.

REFERENCES

Oblomievskii, D. D. Frantsuzskii romantizm. Moscow, 1947.
Istoriia frantszuskoi literatury, vol. 2. Moscow, 1956.
Held, M. C. Nodier et le romantisme. Bonnier, 1949.
Juin, H. Charles Nodier. [Paris, 1970.] (In the series Ecrivains d’hier et d’aujourd’hui.)
Bender, E. J. Bibliographie: C. Nodier. Lafayette, Ind., 1969.

M. A. GOL’DMAN

References in periodicals archive ?
This essay presents the omitted Album as a more nuanced and ultimately ambiguous work, part of the confession of a "child of the times." Pushkin's eventual shift of focus from the Album to the significant books in Onegin's library took place at a crossroads in the writing of Onegin, one which was also a literary crossroads, since at this juncture we follow the thread of a hidden allusion to Charles Nodier's romantic novel Jean Sbogar.
The genre, however, has evolved from its most famous definitions by Charles Nodier ("Du fantastique en litterature," 1830), Pierre-Georges Castex (Le conte fantastique en France de Nodier a Maupassant, 1951), and Tzvetan Todorov (Introduction a la literature fantastique, 1970): Nodier based his definition mostly on the works of his contemporary E.T.A.
Charles Nodier. Translated and adapted by Ruth Berman.
In the French literature, Honore de Balzac, Charles Nodier, Alfred de Musset, Theophile Gautier and Huysmans have given a special place to the figure of the double, and Nerval knew how to use, later on, these real sources of inspiration.
His anxiety was heightened by an acute need for literary recognition, especially because his generation colleagues were already famous--Victor Hugo, Alfred de Vigny, Alfred de Musset, Charles Nodier, Alexandre Dumas or Honore de Balzac.
On imagine aisement l'allegresse de Charles Nodier en quete de nouveaux horizons et les certitudes litteraires de ce jeune homme de vingt et un ans, alors qu'il adresse ces quelques lignes en mars 1802 a son ami Charles Weiss.
Sa production litteraire attira l'attention des grands hommes de lettres: Goethe, Madame de Stael, Melchiorre Cesarotti, Charles Nodier, Horace Walpole, William Beckford.
Boruszko's recent publications include "La Presence des images d'origine biblique dans Ines de las Sierras de Charles Nodier," The South Carolina Modern Language Review (2010).