Robert Redford

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Robert Redford
Charles Robert Redford, Jr.
BirthplaceSanta Monica, California, U.S.
Actor, director, producer, businessman, environmentalist, philanthropist

Redford, Robert,

1937–, American actor and director, b. Santa Monica, Calif., as Charles Robert Redford, Jr. One of Hollywood's superstars, he began his acting career in 1959, scoring his first big success in Neil SimonSimon, Neil
(Marvin Neil Simon), 1927–2018, American playwright, b. the Bronx, New York City. His plays, nearly all of them popular with audiences, if not always with critics, are comedies treating recognizable aspects of modern middle-class life.
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's Broadway hit Barefoot in the Park (1963) and moving toward stardom in its film version (1967). Teaming with Paul NewmanNewman, Paul,
1925–2008, American actor, b. Cleveland, Ohio. After performing in a Broadway play (1952–53) and in television dramas, Newman became a versatile film actor and a major Hollywood star.
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 in Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969) and The Sting (1973), Redford became a genuine star with his portrayal of lovably roguish, tough yet tender crooks.

His other movies include The Candidate (1972), The Way We Were (1973), Three Days of the Condor (1975), The Great Gatsby (1974), All the President's Men (1976), The Natural (1984), Out of Africa (1985), Havana (1990), Sneakers (1992), Indecent Proposal (1993), The Last Castle (2001), All Is Lost, in which Redford is the only actor (2013), and The Old Man & the Gun (2018). As a director (and star), his films include Downhill Racer (1969); Ordinary People (1980), for which he won the Academy Award; The Milagro Beanfield War (1988); A River Runs through It (1993); and Quiz Show (1994). An activist in liberal and environmental causes, Redford also founded (1981) the Sundance Institute, which encourages young filmmakers, helps finance new films, and showcases independent films at the annual Sundance Festival.


See biography by M. F. Callan (2011).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

Redford, (Charles, Jr.) Robert

(1937–  ) movie actor, director, producer; born in Santa Monica, Calif. He started out wanting to be a painter, studying art at the Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, but turned to studying acting at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. He had some small roles on television and the stage, with Barefoot in the Park (1963) being his only real Broadway success. Meanwhile, he had begun his movie career in War Hunt (1962). His All-American good looks at first threatened to typecast him as another matinee idol, but he began to use his status as a superstar to become a director of serious films such as Ordinary People (1980), which won him an Oscar as director. He also became a generous investor in new and untried moviemakers through his Sundance Festival, and was an outspoken supporter of liberal causes and environmental campaigns.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
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