Charles Rennie Mackintosh

(redirected from Charles Rennie MacIntosh)

Mackintosh, Charles Rennie

(măk`əntŏsh'), 1868–1928, Scottish architect, artist, and furniture designer. Probably the greatest architect and designer Scotland has produced, he attempted to create a native style for the modern era. His decorative and graphic works are some of the finest manifestations of art nouveauart nouveau
, decorative-art movement centered in Western Europe. It began in the 1880s as a reaction against the historical emphasis of mid-19th-century art, but did not survive World War I.
..... Click the link for more information.
 while also being beautiful examples of early modernism. His few buildings are notable for their absence of external decoration and their subtlety of proportion—both qualities partially derived from Scottish medieval precedent and from the Scottish Baronial style of the 16th and 17th cent. Among these buildings are the Glasgow School of Art (1899, additional wing 1909), widely considered his masterwork; Queen's Cross Church, Glasgow; and two country houses—"Windyhill," Kilmacolm, and "Hill House," Helensburgh—both built around the turn of the century.

As a designer, Mackintosh was influenced in his early work by the English arts and craftsarts and crafts,
term for that general field of applied design in which hand fabrication is dominant. The term was coined in England in the late 19th cent. as a label for the then-current movement directed toward the revivifying of the decorative arts.
..... Click the link for more information.
 movement and, like the members of that school, he strove to integrate architectural and decorative elements in his work. Among his finest interiors were those executed for several turn-of-the-century Glasgow tea rooms. The sole survivor, the Willow Tea Room (1904), was restored and reopened in 1983. Many of his designs, often incorporating squares and stylized roses and other plant forms, were created in collaboration with his wife, Margaret Macdonald Mackintosh. Best known of his stark, elegant, and often beautifully detailed furniture designs are graceful wooden chairs with extremely high backs. He also designed other furniture, stained glass, murals, and clocks. His work influenced such important 20th-century figures as Josef HoffmannHoffmann, Josef,
1870–1956, Austrian architect. A student of Otto Wagner, he was a leader of Austrian decoration in the first three decades of the 20th cent. His sophisticated compositions, based on rectangles and squares, with delicate ornamental trimming, can best be
..... Click the link for more information.
 and Frank Lloyd WrightWright, Frank Lloyd,
1867–1959, American architect, b. Richland Center, Wis., as Frank Lincoln Wright; he changed his name to honor his mother's family (the Lloyd Joneses). Wright is widely considered the greatest American architect.
..... Click the link for more information.


See Charles Rennie Mackintosh: The Architectural Papers (1990), ed. by P. Robertson; studies by T. Howarth (1952) and A. Crawford (1995); E. Wilhide, The Mackintosh Style (1995).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mackintosh, Charles Rennie


Born June 7, 1868, in Glasgow; died Dec. 10, 1928, in London. Scottish architect.

Mackintosh worked in Glasgow and London. In his buildings he achieved a flexibility and elegance of design that reveal the aesthetically expressive possibilities of construction design and building materials. His chief work was the Glasgow School of Art (1898-1909). Mackintosh was an architect in the style of art nouveau and as such exerted an important influence on the development of rationalism in Great Britain, Germany, and Austria. As a member of the association of artist-designers known as ’The Four” (organized in 1890), Mackintosh concerned himself with interior decoration and furniture design.


Howarth, T. Charles Rennie Mackintosh and the Modern Movement. London, 1952.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Horrible Heedie tour, December 30, 1.30pm See round the beautiful Charles Rennie Macintosh Scotland Street School Museum under the terrifyingly watchful eye of Mr Simpson.
High-backed wooden chairs in the living room are reminiscent of Scottish Art Nouveau designer Charles Rennie Macintosh. The couple turned to cabinet and furniture maker Matthew Mosher of Maine, who designed and built many of the pieces.
Gerald Murphy has long been an admirer of the work of Scottish architect Charles Rennie Macintosh. So it comes as no surprise that his favourite object in his new-look living room is a copy of Mackintosh's famous Argyle chair.
Charles Rennie Macintosh, because he was inspirational in terms of modern architecture and design and was one of the most creative figures of the early 20th century.
They include paintings by LS Lowry, Dante Gabriel Rossetti and a Charles Rennie Macintosh image of purple mallow flowers from Holy Island off Northumberland.
Later Beryl Cotton gives a talk illustrated with flowers called On the trail of Charles Rennie MacIntosh
The Glasgow logo features lettering created by city architect, designer and inventor Charles Rennie Macintosh.
His modest homage to his favourite designers and artists -- Frank Lloyd Wright, Philippe Starck, Charles Rennie Macintosh, Carlo Scarpa, Roy Lichtenstein, Louis Kahn -- is considered by Emilio Castro (no relation to Fidel), who designed graphics for the restaurant, to mark a turning point for architects in the city.
This was evident in a wide range of architectural influences, from Frank Lloyd Wright and Charles Rennie Macintosh to Frank Gehry and Michael Graves and, of course, the ubiquitous plays on mid-century retro.
"I was influenced by the English and American Arts & Crafts movement, particularly Charles Rennie MacIntosh, in creating this custom chair.
Charles Rennie Macintosh could have worn a balaclava backwards and still spotted that this was yet another in a long list of cash-draining Holyrood idiocies that will have future generations wondering what bright spark authorised it in the first place.

Full browser ?