Charles Richet

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Richet, Charles


Born Aug. 26, 1850, in Paris; died there Dec. 4, 1935. French physiologist and bacteriologist. Member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1914); vice president (1932); president (1933). Member of the National Academy of Medicine (1898).

Richet became a professor of physiology at the University of Paris in 1887. His works dealt with the physiology of digestion (he discovered the hydrochloric-acid base of gastric juice) and with respiration, thermoregulation, and neuromuscular sensitivity. In 1888 he formulated the concept of passive immunity. In 1902 he described the body’s reaction to a foreign protein, calling this reaction anaphylaxis (Nobel Prize, 1913). Richet also studied immunity, serotherapy, and the treatment of epilepsy and pulmonary tuberculosis. He was known for his work in psychology and was a specialist in the field of medical statistics. Richet was a staunch advocate of peace.


Albahary. Charles Richet. Munich, 1914. Pages 28–29.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Charles Richet coined the word in 1902 and 11 years later, he won the Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology for his work on anaphylaxis.
Brain, mind, and medicine; Charles Richet and the origins of physiological psychology.
On or about 1894, communications from the spirit world changed with the emergence of ectoplasm, a term invented by Nobel laureate and French physiologist Charles Richet. It was an often glutinous substance that emerged from various parts of the medium's body.
Charles Richet has stated the idealism of Don Quixote, combined with the good sense of Sancho, is found in men of genius.
The cells of innate immunity, the phagocytes or eating cells were first described in starfish by Elie Metchnikoff in 1883, and the active humors of adaptive immunity the anaphylatoxins, were described by Charles Richet in 1901.
As the Spiritualist movement gained momentum in the late 19th century, spirit photography became a hotly debated topic, attracting the attention of major intellectual figures, including psychologist William James, scientists Alfred Russell Wallace and Charles Richet, and author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, the latter best known for his tales of Sherlock Holmes.
Charles Richet) saw dreams and second states as esthetically productive.
These include: his own brilliant essay on "discourses of hysteria;" Rae Beth Gordon's innovative piece on psychology and early film in France (From Charcot to Chariot) as understood from the standpoint of the spectator; Ian Hacking's essay on fugue states; Tom Gunning on physiognomy and early film; John Brenkman, on Freud and modernism; Lawrence Rainey on Marinetti and ideas of pathology; Jacqueline Carroy on the young Charles Richet as artist and scientist; Steven Meyer on Gertrude Stein and William James; David Joravsky on Freud and the alternative models for the mind in the Austro-Hungarian Empire (Schnitzler, Musil, Kafka); John Toews on masculinity and narrative; Jesse Matz on the political meaning of psychology based on readings of T.
The French physiologist Charles Richet introduced mathematical chance to the tests, and discovered what he considered to be indisputable proof that telepathy occurs.
Besides Royce and Peirce, James met and interacted with many renowned figures during his career: Charles Renouvier, Santayana, John Dewey, Henri Bergson, French philosopher Charles Richet, F.H.

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