The most scientifically eminent of the writers and researchers to be discussed in this section was the French physiologist Charles Richet
Mediumship, psychical research, dissociation, and the powers of the subconscious mind/ Medialitat, psychische forschung, dissoziation und die krafte der unterbewussten psyche/ Mediumnidad, investigacion psiquica, disociacion, y poderes de la mente subconsciente/ Mediumnite, recherche psychique, dissociation, et les pouvoirs de l'esprit subconscient
Brain, mind, and medicine; Charles Richet
and the origins of physiological psychology.
On or about 1894, communications from the spirit world changed with the emergence of ectoplasm, a term invented by Nobel laureate and French physiologist Charles Richet
has stated the idealism of Don Quixote, combined with the good sense of Sancho, is found in men of genius.
The cells of innate immunity, the phagocytes or eating cells were first described in starfish by Elie Metchnikoff in 1883, and the active humors of adaptive immunity the anaphylatoxins, were described by Charles Richet
As the Spiritualist movement gained momentum in the late 19th century, spirit photography became a hotly debated topic, attracting the attention of major intellectual figures, including psychologist William James, scientists Alfred Russell Wallace and Charles Richet
, and author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, the latter best known for his tales of Sherlock Holmes.
These include: his own brilliant essay on "discourses of hysteria;" Rae Beth Gordon's innovative piece on psychology and early film in France (From Charcot to Chariot) as understood from the standpoint of the spectator; Ian Hacking's essay on fugue states; Tom Gunning on physiognomy and early film; John Brenkman, on Freud and modernism; Lawrence Rainey on Marinetti and ideas of pathology; Jacqueline Carroy on the young Charles Richet
as artist and scientist; Steven Meyer on Gertrude Stein and William James; David Joravsky on Freud and the alternative models for the mind in the Austro-Hungarian Empire (Schnitzler, Musil, Kafka); John Toews on masculinity and narrative; Jesse Matz on the political meaning of psychology based on readings of T.
The French physiologist Charles Richet
introduced mathematical chance to the tests, and discovered what he considered to be indisputable proof that telepathy occurs.
Besides Royce and Peirce, James met and interacted with many renowned figures during his career: Charles Renouvier, Santayana, John Dewey, Henri Bergson, French philosopher Charles Richet
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Positivist scientists, like the French physiologist Charles Richet
, were themselves convinced by their discovery of much of psychic mechanics, although the "explicative theories" proposed by these pioneers did not totally negate their previous vision of the world.
even though that period with her materialization seances at the Villa Carmen in Algiers, in the presence of Charles Richet
, was very important for both the medium's career and the adverse impact it had on the educated public's views of psychical research (Le Malefan, 2002).