Charles Sorel

Sorel, Charles

 

Born 1602 in Paris; died there Mar. 7,1674. French writer.

Sorel’s first published work was the narrative poem Epithalamium (1616), which contained lines of topical verse. He published several précieux chivalric novels, including The Love Story of Cléagenor and Doristea (1621). The Comic Story of Francion (books 1–12, 1622–33), written in the style of 16th- and 17th-century Spanish picaresque novels, brought Sorel fame and was the first French freethinking novel of everyday life.

Sorel’s witty parody of the pastoral novel, The Extravagant Shepherd (1627–28), written in imitation of Cervantes’ Don Quixote, rejected the aesthetics of the literature of preciosity. Sorel also wrote The History of the French Monarchy (1632).

WORKS

Oeuvres diverses. Paris, 1663.
In Russian translation:
Pravdivoe komicheskoe zhizneopisanie Fransiona. [Moscow-Leningrad] 1935.

REFERENCES

¡storiia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946. Pages 384–91.
Reynier, G. Le Roman réaliste au XVII siècle. Paris, 1914.

V. S. LOZOVETSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Tilting at tradition; problems of genre in the novels of Miguel de Cervantes and Charles Sorel.
Syrovy, an independent scholar, examines Cervantes and his Don Quixote in a decidedly new way, studying problems of genre comparatively with the contemporary Berger Extravagant by Charles Sorel.
A shrewd observer of social and literary trends, Charles Sorel (best known, then as now, as the author of the immensely successful Histoire comique de Francion, 1623-33) wasted no time in (de)riding the wave of portraiture and presenting his personal take on this "bizarre and agreeable constellation" (73).
What's more, the story's protagonists seem to represent the many faces of Charles Sorel himself: the comical Gelaste, the sentimental Erotime, the "curieux" Periandre, the "savant" Egemon, and, last but not least, the venerable and embittered Megaloteknes.
Or, as Charles Sorel saw the matter in his Berger extravagant.
Among those who considered prose fiction formless we find Charles Sorel, who states simply and baldly that a novel is nothing but "une poesie en prose" (501).
When Charles Sorel enumerated the novel's formal features and their relationship to bodily components he argued, in apparent sympathy with Chapelain, that since there are so many examples of novels that string adventure upon adventure, nearly anyone can write one simply through emulation.
L'historiographie etait mise en doute: on savait que les rois ne souhaitaient lire, dans une Histoire de la monarchie francaise, que des eloges; celle de Charles Sorel (1632) a ete un echec; l'Histoire de France depuis Faramond jusqu'a maintenant d'Eudes de Mezeray (1643-51) lui valut la suspension de sa pension par Colbert (1673).
Ainsi, dans sa Bibliotheque francoise et dans De la Connoissance des bons livres, Charles Sorel glisse de Castiglione a Cervantes, et de Guez de Balzac a Cyrano, sans jamais se soucier de dates.
Il etait d'avis que, si la Comedie avait existe avant l'Histoire comique de Francion (1623) et avant le Berger extravagant (1627), Charles Sorel, qui s'interessait a ce type de litterature, l'aurait mentionnee.
From the literary historical view, Lesage continues the traditions of the realistic novels written in the 17th century by Charles Sorel, Antoine Fureti