Charles Stewart Parnell


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Related to Charles Stewart Parnell: home rule, Robert Emmet, Michael Davitt

Parnell, Charles Stewart

 

Born June 27, 1846, in Avondale, County Wicklow; died Oct. 6, 1891, in Brighton, Sussex. Irish politician and leader of the Home Rule movement (from 1877).

Parnell was elected in 1875 to the British Parliament, where he used obstructionist tactics to exert pressure on the English ruling classes. He advocated broad autonomy for Ireland, without severing constitutional ties to Great Britain. Recognizing the need for the support of the masses, Parnell allied himself with the radical wing of the Irish movement, which included such figures as J. Devoy and M. Davitt. In 1879 he helped found the Land League and then became its president.

Parnell was arrested on Oct. 13, 1881, and confined until May 1882 in the Kilmainham jail, where he concluded the conciliatory Kilmainham Treaty with the British Liberal government. Parnell curtailed the agitation for agrarian demands and from that time on tried to attain Home Rule primarily by parliamentary means. In an attempt to discredit Parnell, English reactionaries conducted a campaign of organized harassment, accusing him of alleged immoral acts. In late 1890 the right-wing majority of the Home Rulers removed Parnell from the leadership.

REFERENCES

Marx, K., and F. Engels. Soch., 2nd ed., vols. 34–37. (See the index of names.)
Tarle, E. V. “Charlz Parnel’: Stranitsa iz istorii Anglii i Irlandii.” Soch., vol. 1. Moscow, 1957.
O’Brien, C. C. Parnell and His Party, 1880–1890. Oxford, 1957.

L. I. GOL’MAN

References in periodicals archive ?
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Charles Stewart Parnell and his times; a bibliography.
Donal McCartney and Pauric Travers (eds), Words of the Dead Chief: Being Extracts from the Public Speeches and other Pronouncements of Charles Stewart Parnell from the Beginning to the Close of his Memorable Life, Compiled by Jennie Wyse-Power, (Dublin: University College Dublin Press, 2009, 192 pp.
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IN 1880, the adulterous romance between Charles Stewart Parnell and Katharine O'Shea shocked Victorian society.
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Moreover, by grace of Daniel O'Connell and Charles Stewart Parnell respectively, the heirs of Grattan and Flood, in the nineteenth century it gained Catholic emancipation and the end of the landlord system in Ireland.
It expressed the sensibility that had impelled him to take the side of the Irish rebels and, in particular, to oppose the British government's attempted frame-up of Charles Stewart Parnell, who, like Wilde, was destroyed on a charge of immorality when all else had failed.