Charles Stewart Parnell


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Related to Charles Stewart Parnell: home rule, Robert Emmet, Michael Davitt

Parnell, Charles Stewart

 

Born June 27, 1846, in Avondale, County Wicklow; died Oct. 6, 1891, in Brighton, Sussex. Irish politician and leader of the Home Rule movement (from 1877).

Parnell was elected in 1875 to the British Parliament, where he used obstructionist tactics to exert pressure on the English ruling classes. He advocated broad autonomy for Ireland, without severing constitutional ties to Great Britain. Recognizing the need for the support of the masses, Parnell allied himself with the radical wing of the Irish movement, which included such figures as J. Devoy and M. Davitt. In 1879 he helped found the Land League and then became its president.

Parnell was arrested on Oct. 13, 1881, and confined until May 1882 in the Kilmainham jail, where he concluded the conciliatory Kilmainham Treaty with the British Liberal government. Parnell curtailed the agitation for agrarian demands and from that time on tried to attain Home Rule primarily by parliamentary means. In an attempt to discredit Parnell, English reactionaries conducted a campaign of organized harassment, accusing him of alleged immoral acts. In late 1890 the right-wing majority of the Home Rulers removed Parnell from the leadership.

REFERENCES

Marx, K., and F. Engels. Soch., 2nd ed., vols. 34–37. (See the index of names.)
Tarle, E. V. “Charlz Parnel’: Stranitsa iz istorii Anglii i Irlandii.” Soch., vol. 1. Moscow, 1957.
O’Brien, C. C. Parnell and His Party, 1880–1890. Oxford, 1957.

L. I. GOL’MAN

References in periodicals archive ?
When Maurice Moynihan, the leading figure in the IRB in Kerry, organised his national general meeting of the GAA in Dublin in July 1891, the representatives present agreed to pledge their support to the leadership and ideals of Charles Stewart Parnell. (102) Some saw this moment as the definitive break from the cautious former politics of the GAA hierarchy.
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Franklin (74) (1816-1820); and later took the Franklin to the Pacific to command the squardron there (1820-1824); president of the examining board (1829); member of the Board of Naval Commissioners (1830-1834); commander of the Philadelphia Navy Yard (1838-1841, 1846, 1854-1861); commander of the Home Squadron (1842-1843); promoted to the special rank of Senior Flag Officer (April 1859); retired from active duty (December 1861); promoted rear admiral on the retired list (July 1862); he died in Bordentown, New Jersey (November 6, 1869); his grandson and namesake was the famous Irish nationalist politician Charles Stewart Parnell. <BL>
The movement, which had been developing very slowly in the latter half of the 19th century, achieved its major impetus from the political martyrdom of the Irish leader Charles Stewart Parnell, an event which caused many thoughtful Irishmen to abandon the attempt to achieve a national identity within an English framework.
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Donal McCartney and Pauric Travers (eds), Words of the Dead Chief: Being Extracts from the Public Speeches and other Pronouncements of Charles Stewart Parnell from the Beginning to the Close of his Memorable Life, Compiled by Jennie Wyse-Power, (Dublin: University College Dublin Press, 2009, 192 pp., [euro]20 paperback)