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Explorer of Australia, Colonial Administrator, Grazier
See biographies by G. Farwell (1963) and M. Langley (1969).
Born Apr. 28, 1795, in Bengal; died June 16, 1869, in Cheltenham, England. English military officer and topographer. Explorer of Australia.
In 1829. Sturt discovered the Darling River. In 1829 and 1830 he traced the course of the Murrumbidgee and Murray rivers. On this expedition he ascertained that the Murray emptied into Lake Alexandrina, a lagoon, and that the Darling was a tributary of the Murray. Between 1844 and 1846, proceeding north from Adelaide, he crossed all of South Australia. Passing Lake Eyre, he traveled through central Australia to 25° S lat. and reached the southern edge of the Simpson (Arunta) Desert.