Charles Thomson Rees Wilson

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Wilson, Charles Thomson Rees


Born Feb. 14, 1869, in Glencorse; died Nov. 15, 1959, in Edinburgh. British physicist. Member of the British Royal Society (1900).

Wilson was educated at Manchester and Cambridge universities. From 1900 to 1934 he taught at Cambridge University (as a professor from 1925). He studied the condensation of water vapor under the influence of various agents, in particular, fast-moving charged particles. This work led him in 1912 to the invention of a device that made it possible to observe the tracks of microparticles (theLWilson cloud chamber). Wilson was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1927.


“Condensation of Water Vapour in the Presence of Dust-free Air and Other Gases.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, 1897.
“The Condensation Method of Demonstrating the Ionisation of Air Under Normal Conditions.” Philosophical Magazine, 1904, vol. 7.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.