Charles University

(redirected from Charles University in Prague)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Charles University,

at Prague, Czech Republic; also called Univ. of Prague. The oldest and one of the most important universities of central Europe, it was founded in 1348 by Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV, for whom it is named. The faculty was organized in four so-called nations, the Czech, Saxon, Bavarian, and Polish. The struggle between the German and Czech nationalities in Bohemia was reflected in the university when, in 1403, the Czech nation, including Jan HussHuss, John
, Czech Jan Hus , 1369?–1415, Czech religious reformer. Early Life

Of peasant origin, he was born in Husinec, Bohemia (from which his name is derived). He studied theology at the Univ. of Prague, was ordained a priest c.
..... Click the link for more information.
, was outvoted by the three other nations in a controversy regarding John Wyclif's doctrines. When in 1409 the three foreign nations opposed the request of Holy Roman Emperor WenceslausWenceslaus,
1361–1419, Holy Roman emperor (uncrowned) and German king (1378–1400), king of Bohemia (1378–1419) as Wenceslaus IV, elector of Brandenburg (1373–76), son and successor of Emperor Charles IV.
..... Click the link for more information.
 to take a neutral attitude between the two rival popes in the Great Schism, Wenceslaus changed the statutes of the university. By the Decree of Kutna Hora he gave three votes to the Czech nation and one vote to the other three nations. Shortly after that Czech victory, Huss himself became rector of the university. As a result of the Decree of Kutna Hora the Germans left the university and founded the Univ. of Leipzig. The Germanization of the university, which began after the battle of the White Mt. (1620), reached its peak in 1774 when German was made the language of instruction. In 1882 the university was divided into two branches—Charles Univ., which was Czech, and Ferdinand Univ., which was German. After the establishment of Czechoslovakia in 1918 this division was maintained, although the Czech university received the greater facilities. The German university was abolished after World War II. The university currently has faculties of education, law, mathematics and physics, medicine, pharmacy, philosophy, physical training, social sciences, and theology. There are institutes of social and political sciences and economics.

Charles University

 

(University of Prague), one of the oldest universities in Europe and the first Slavic university. Founded in 1348 by the emperor Charles IV, whose name it bears.

Charles University originally had faculties of liberal arts, law, medicine, and theology. During the time of the Hussite revolutionary movement, it was the center of the national-liberation and anti-Catholic struggle, and Jan Hus was twice elected rector. In an attempt to lessen the influence of the university, a Jesuit academy was established in Prague in 1562. In 1654 the academy was united by the emperor Ferdinand III with Charles University to form the Charles-Ferdinand University. During the period of national revival from the late 18th to mid-19th centuries, the university’s students and professors actively strove for the liberation of Bohemia from Austrian domination and took part in the revolutionary movement of 1848-49. In 1882, Charles University was divided into separate Czech and German institutions. During the fascist German occupation of Czechoslovakia the Czech university did not function; it resumed operation in 1945.

As of 1975, Charles University had faculties of mathematics and physics, natural sciences, general medicine (with a branch in Plzeň), medicine (in Hradec Králové), pediatrics, medical hygiene, philosophy, law, culture and journalism, physical education and sports, and pedagogy. Attached to the university are the Astronomical Institute (founded 1887) and the Institute of Teacher Education (founded 1960). The university library (founded 1348) is a part of the State Library of the Czech Socialist Republic and has total holdings of approximately 2 million volumes.

During the 1974–75 academic year the university had an enrollment of more than 21,000 students and about 3,000 faculty members. It has published collections of scholarly works since 1958.

References in periodicals archive ?
Design contest: Uk - ff - reconstruction and completion of buildings of charles university in prague, opletalova 47 and 49 in prague.
Therefore, this award shows that Macedonia is a role model in the region", President Ivanov stated Tuesday after receiving the Freedom Award for 2014, presented by the Fund for American Studies (TFAS) at the Charles University in Prague.
Ragan is director emeritus of the Graduate Professional Writing Program at USC and has been a distinguished professor at Charles University in Prague for years.
It was published on the occasion of the one hundredth anniversary of English studies at Charles University in Prague, whose first Professor of English Language and Literature was Vilem Mathesius, much better known internationally as the initiator of the Prague Linguistic Circle and as a linguist.
According to the research from the University of Stirling, Glasgow, Newcastle, Northumbria and Charles University in Prague, women who had met their partner while taking the pill and were still currently taking it, as well as those who had never used the pill at any point
This work was supported by Charles University in Prague, project UNCE No.
Prague College of Psychosocial Studies and Charles University in Prague
He is professor emeritus at the Charles University in Prague.
The researchers of the Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology, the Faculty of Sciences, and the Department of Geophysics, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague have been participating as external experts and so did the scientists of the Department of Hydrology, Faculty of Civil Engineering of the Czech Technical University in Prague.
Jadu will continue to fund and support the Phalanger project, and the developers at Charles University in Prague are also adding features and looking at a new release of Phalanger on the Microsoft Codeplex for both PHP and .
Female armpit odour provides a telltale fertility signal to men, scientists from Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic, have discovered.
Just how animals sense the magnetic field is "very poorly resolved," says Pavel Nemec of Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic.