Charles VIII


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Charles VIII

, king of France
Charles VIII, 1470–98, king of France (1483–98), son and successor of Louis XI. He first reigned under the regency of his sister Anne de Beaujeu. After his marriage (1491) to Anne of Brittany, he freed himself from the influence of the regency and prepared to conquer the kingdom of Naples, to which his father had acquired a claim through Charles, duke of Maine, from René of Naples. Urged by Ludovico Sforza, he invaded (1494) Italy; after a triumphal march through Pavia, Florence, and Rome, he took (Feb., 1495) Naples. A league against him, formed by Milan, Venice, Spain, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, and Pope Alexander VI, forced his hasty retreat, in which he distinguished himself against odds at the battle of Fornovo (July, 1495). His remaining troops in Naples were defeated, and at the time of his death he was forming new plans of conquest. He left no male heir and was succeeded by his cousin Louis XII. The conflict of France and Spain in Italy marked the beginning of the Italian Wars. Charles's expedition fostered the introduction of the Italian Renaissance in France. The history of his reign was recorded by his contemporary, Philippe de Comines.

Bibliography

See J. S. C. Bridge, A History of France from the Death of Louis XI, Vol. I-II (1922–24).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
[+] Charles VIII, King of France, born 1470, died 1498.
[*] Louis XII divorced his wife, Jeanne, daughter of Louis XI, and married in 1499 Anne of Brittany, widow of Charles VIII, in order to retain the Duchy of Brittany for the crown.
About eighteen months or two years after the events which terminate this story, when search was made in that cavern for the body of Olivier le Daim, who had been hanged two days previously, and to whom Charles VIII. had granted the favor of being buried in Saint Laurent, in better company, they found among all those hideous carcasses two skeletons, one of which held the other in its embrace.
The tyranny of men was a sympathetic subject for a great heiress forced to marry Charles VIII and agree, that if widowed, she would marry his successor.
The Accademia Italiana di Cucina Pandolfini, founded in the 90s, is based in the Pandolfini Estate, with the Renaissance Villa and the Medieval Tower that stand few miles outside of Florence, and have had guests such as Charles VIII of France and Napoleon.
The turn of the sixteenth century was a difficult period in Italian history between the French invasions of King Charles VIII and King Louis XII in the 1490s and the Hapsburg invasions of Emperor Charles V in the 1520s that eventually made much of Italy a colony of Spain.
Fearing for his papacy, he used his political acumen to outwit the French king Charles VIII, who wanted safe passage for his crusading troops through the Papal States.
The manuscript presented in person to Henry VII in London in 1496 belongs to a diplomatic effort to bolster resistance to French expansion in Italy under Charles VIII but, after Charles's death and the accession of Louis XII in 1499, Nagonius expanded his narrative to celebrate Louis's expedition against Milan.
On en trouve la trace des 1484, alors qu'elle devient la propriete de Robert Gaguin, humaniste sous Charles VIII et Louis XII.
Initially its plague broke out among the army of Charles VIII after the French king invaded Naples.
The second essay follows Charles VIII's entry into Florence in November of 1494, an event as carefully managed, we learn, as that of any modern political campaign.
It is said that King Charles VIII of France had six toes.