Charles Wheatstone

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Wheatstone, Charles


Born Feb. 6, 1802, in Gloucester, England; died Oct. 19, 1875, in Paris. English physicist and inventor. Fellow of the Royal Society of London (1836).

While engaged in the making of musical instruments, Wheat-stone carried out several ingenious acoustic experiments. In 1833 he explained the origins of the Chladni figures. In 1834 he became a professor at King’s College (London). Wheatstone proposed a method for measuring the duration of a spark produced by an electrical discharge (1834) and proved that the spark discharge spectra of metals uniquely characterize these metals (1835). In 1837, together with W. F. Cooke, he obtained a patent for the invention of an electromagnetic telegraph, and in 1858 he built the first usable automatic telegraph. In 1867 he proposed, independently of W. von Siemens, the idea of a self-excited shunt dynamo. Wheatstone constructed a mirror stereoscope, a photometer, a cryptograph, various automatically recording meteorological instruments, and other devices. He also proposed the bridge method of measuring resistance.


The Scientific Papers. London, 1879.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1844, telegraph inventor Charles Wheatstone carried out experiments on underwater telegraphy with John Dillwyn Llewellyn in Swansea bay.
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It was invented by Sir Charles Wheatstone, who went on to become an eminent scientist, in the 1840s.
Sir Charles Wheatstone was born in Barnwood near Gloucester in 1802 but spent his early years living at his family's shoemaker's shop in the city.
Virtually every aspect of the concertina is introduced and discussed in clear fashion: invention, manufacture, pertinent repertory, and performing artists, as well as the background of Charles Wheatstone and the aristocratic audiences who became devotees of the instrument.
Based at his sumptuous Penllergare estate he also helped his friend Sir Charles Wheatstone with the first ever experiments in sub-marine telegraphy, carried out off Mumbles.
"3-D has been around for something like 170 years, since Sir Charles Wheatstone invented the stereoscope.