Charles Wyville Thomson

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Thomson, Charles Wyville

 

Born Mar. 5,1830, at Bonsyde, near Linlithgow; died Mar. 10, 1882, at Bonsyde. Scottish oceanographer and biologist.

In 1868 and 1869, Thomson and the English biologist W. B. Carpenter led expeditions on the ships Lightning and Porcupine to study the depths of the sea and deep-sea fauna. From 1872 to 1876, Thomson headed the scientific staff of the oceanographic expedition that sailed around the world on the Challenger. The Wyville Thomson Ridge, an underwater mountain range separating the Atlantic Ocean basin from the Norwegian Sea, was named in Thomson’s honor.

WORKS

The Depths of the Sea. London, 1873.
The Voyage of the Challenger, vols. 1–2. London, 1878.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The discovery of many animals living in the abyssal environment by Sir Charles Wyville Thompson during HMS Challenger's 1872-1876 circumnavigation stunned the late 19th century scientific community fat more than we can now imagine.
Sir Charles Wyville Thompson would have been happy to know this!