Carolus Clusius

(redirected from Charles de l'Ecluse)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Clusius, Carolus


(Charles de Lécluse). Born Feb. 19, 1526, in Arras; died Apr. 4, 1609, in Leiden. French naturalist and physician. Clusius studied in Switzerland, Germany, and France. Later he directed the botanical gardens in Vienna; he became a professor at the University of Leiden in 1593. Clusius gave the first descriptions of many plants and animals of Europe, Asia, Africa, and North and South America. He defined several plant families for the first time. Clusius helped introduce cultivation of the potato to Europe.


Hunger, F. W. T. Charles de l’Escluse, vols. 1–2. The Hague, 1927–43.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1593, the Flemish botanist Charles de L'Ecluse managed to breed Turkish tulips to withstand local climatic conditions in the Netherlands.
Charles de l'Ecluse was close friend of Languet's and with him formed part of the Melanchthonian network so well described by Beatrice Nicollier in her recent Languet biography.(2) He was director of the Imperial Gardens in Vienna, where he had been the first to introduce tulips, brought from Constantinople.(3) His degree of familiarity with Sidney is demonstrated by his letter to Philip of June 8, 1576.(4)