Charolais


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Related to Charolais: Simmental

Charolais

(shärôlā`), small region, Saône-et-Loire dept., E central France, in Burgundy, in the Massif Central, named after the town of Charolles. Cattle breeding is the chief occupation. The countship of Charolais was acquired by Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, in 1390. In 1477 the county passed to the Hapsburgs; from then on it shared the fortunes of Franche-ComtéFranche-Comté
or Free County of Burgundy,
former province and former administrative region, E France. It is coextensive with Haute-Saône, Doubs, and Jura depts.
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 until it was acquired from Spain by Louis XIV and was definitively united with France and incorporated into Burgundy in 1761.

Charolais

 

a breed of beef cattle developed in the 18th century in the Charolais region of France from spotted mountain cattle. In the 19th century the Charolais was crossed with the Shorthorn. Its coloration is creamy white.

Charolais bulls weigh 1,000–1,200 kg, cows 700–800 kg, and 18-month-old calves, 450–650 kg. The dressed yield is 60–65 percent. The animals are undemanding and adaptable, and they fatten rapidly. The breed is found in many countries of Europe and North and South America. In the USSR purebred Charolais are produced for commercial crossbreeding and for improving other beef breeds.

REFERENCES

Kravchenko, N. A. “Skot porody sharole.” Zhivotnovodstvo, 1967, no. 6.
Levantin, D. L., and D. A. Smirnov. “Miasnaia poroda sharole i perspektivy ee ispol’zovaniia.” Zhivotnovodstvo, 1969, no. 2.
References in periodicals archive ?
Major David Walter's "wonderful adventure" with Charolais cattle began 50 years ago, yet despite his undoubted success with the breed, he says he is still "just half way there" in his quest for the ultimate herd.
Best 4 Charolais x Steers First Prize: Flotterton; Second Prize: Flotterton.
The top females reached 6,600 guineas for Will Shortt of Omagh's special Charolais maiden heifer.
British Charolais Cattle Society chairman Alasdair Houston said: "More Charolais bulls were sold at a higher average than any other sale this spring, reflecting the momentum swing back to modern British Charolais.
Maerdy breeding figured prominently in many five-figure Charolais sales at Stirling.
"Charolais has proved to be invincible for almost 40 years for our family, initially as the suckler herd's terminal sire producing top quality commercial suckled calves consistently appearing within the day's top 5% of average market prices, as well as leaving a handful of top flight ones for the show ring and more recently, developing a herd of pedigree Charolais cows as an added value enterprise."
Charolais cattle were introduced to the UK from Europe in the 1950s.
My grandfather started breeding Charolais in Scotland, my dad had some and I carried on the tradition.
While taking a whole herd is far too tricky to achieve, the genetics of the pedigree Charolais herd, established by his grandfather Denzil more than 30 years ago, will be making the trip.
She has won prizes at shows and lives with more than 70 other Charolais in the herd at Compact Farm in Worth Matravers, Dorset.
Brazil remained closed for the trade of Charolais cattle sperm, embryos and related breeding technology after the BCCS had rebuilt markets throughout Europe and Australasia.