Chartier, Alain

Chartier, Alain

(älăN` shärtyā`), b. c.1385, d. c.1433, French writer, secretary to Charles VII. His most popular work was the love poem La Belle Dame sans mercy (1424), which provided Keats with a title. Le Quadrilogue invectif (1422), a political pamphlet in vigorous prose, called for French solidarity to combat the turmoil of the Hundred Years War.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chartier, Alain

 

Born circa 1385, in Bayeux; died circa 1433, in Avignon. French poet.

Chartier was secretary to King Charles VII. As a diplomat, he visited many countries, including Italy. In ballades and rondeaux and in such narrative poems as The Book of the Four Ladies (1424) and La Belle Dame sans merci (1424), Chartier surmounted the linguistic conventions of late medieval love lyrics.

Chartier’s political tracts The Quadrilogue Invective (1422) and The Curial (mid-1420’s) sharply and eloquently addressed France’s problems, especially the decay of the nobility and the suffering of the people, who bore the brunt of the Hundred Years’War of 1337–1453.

WORKS

Le Quadrilogue invectif. Paris, 1923.
La Belle Dame sans merci et les poésies lyriques. Paris, 1945.

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946. Pages 178–79.
Hoffman, E. J. Alain Chartier, His Work and Reputation. New York, 1942.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
By Roger Chartier, Alain Boureau and Cecile Dauphin (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997.