Chartists


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Chartists

 

(Portuguese, Cartistas), members of a political movement in 19th-century Portugal.

In effect a political party, the Chartists supported the Constitution (Charter) of 1826, which restricted voting rights to members of the upper classes. The constitution had been annulled during the reign of the absolutist Miguel Maria Evaristo de Braganza. The Chartists consisted, for the most part, of liberal members of the nobility and some elements of the feudal clergy.

After the September Revolution of 1836, the left wing of the liberal bourgeoisie—the Septembrists—reached in 1838 a compromise with the Chartists whereby the Constitution of 1822, which had been in force since the revolution, was replaced by a more conservative one. This agreement weakened the position of the Septembrists. Thus, in 1842 the Chartists were able to seize power and restore the Charter of 1826. The Chartist leader Antonio Bernardo da Costa Cabral established a military dictatorship.

The dictatorship was swept aside in 1846 by a popular uprising known as the Maria da Fonte War. By the early 1850’s, the Chartist party had disappeared from the political arena.

References in periodicals archive ?
entitled him to address his fellow Chartists as "Brothers
For example, in Egan's Wat Tyler Chartist ideas shape this narrative of fourteenth-century rebellion.
This was a matter of concern to most Chartists, and by the mid-1840s O'Brien was writing about the nationalization of the land and a system of tenancies to be held from the state.
An even more striking case may be that of the Northern Star, a Leeds-based Chartist newspaper which published poetry between 1838 and 1852.
The Chartists vision is different from the fundamentalists on the anticipation of the conditional volatility, they are unaware of the standard of mean reversion, so chartists speculate according to laws, in which there is an integration of observed vision shocks, that is to say, exogenous shocks and we know that bad news and good differentially affect the level of conditional volatility.
I can't help but draw some parallels between the Chartist movement of 19th-century Britain, and the current Occupy Wall Street movement.
The idea, both for the Chartists and the Commission, was to make each vote, wherever it is cast, of equal value.
Moreover, the introduction of the secret ballot promised to remove the overbearing class influence of landowners and employers from the political culture of their tenants and employees, allowing the political system to evolve away from what the Chartists saw as pernicious influence.
In a rich and meticulously researched book Mike Sanders has stridently retrieved Chartist poetry from the margins.
Despite this being a familiar story, the author adds new insights and highlights some of the minor victories which the Chartists scored in their quest for the apparently elusive Universal Suffrage.
It recalls the Chartists, whose 1848 parliamentary reform petition proved to contain not the 5.