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Related to Chartists: Peterloo Massacre
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Portuguese, Cartistas), members of a political movement in 19th-century Portugal.

In effect a political party, the Chartists supported the Constitution (Charter) of 1826, which restricted voting rights to members of the upper classes. The constitution had been annulled during the reign of the absolutist Miguel Maria Evaristo de Braganza. The Chartists consisted, for the most part, of liberal members of the nobility and some elements of the feudal clergy.

After the September Revolution of 1836, the left wing of the liberal bourgeoisie—the Septembrists—reached in 1838 a compromise with the Chartists whereby the Constitution of 1822, which had been in force since the revolution, was replaced by a more conservative one. This agreement weakened the position of the Septembrists. Thus, in 1842 the Chartists were able to seize power and restore the Charter of 1826. The Chartist leader Antonio Bernardo da Costa Cabral established a military dictatorship.

The dictatorship was swept aside in 1846 by a popular uprising known as the Maria da Fonte War. By the early 1850’s, the Chartist party had disappeared from the political arena.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
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Alan Brooke discusses the roots of Chartism in Huddersfield and relates it to other radical movements in the town as well as providing a vivid account of Chartist oratory and open air meetings.
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Some indication of Robespierre's standing among Chartists can be gained from their primary organ of information and communication, the Northern Star.
An even more striking case may be that of the Northern Star, a Leeds-based Chartist newspaper which published poetry between 1838 and 1852.
Second group is the Chartists who trade on exogenous shocks.
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The introduction of fixed-term parliaments was part of the coalition agreement, though for rather longer spells than the Chartists wanted.