chartreuse(redirected from Chartreuse, Grande)
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chartreuse (shärtro͞ozˈ), liqueur made exclusively by Carthusians at their monastery, La Grande Chartreuse, France, until their expulsion in 1903. The French distillery and trademark were sold, and the order set up a new plant in Tarragona, Spain. The monks' product is identified by the name Liqueur des Pères Chartreux. Readmitted to France in 1941, the Carthusians resumed manufacture there. Green chartreuse contains about 57% alcohol; the sweeter yellow variety, about 43%.
Chartreuse, Grande (gräNd shärtrözˈ), mountainous massif, Isère dept., SE France, in the Dauphiné Alps; Chamechaude Peak (6,847 ft/2,087 m) is the highest point. There in a high valley St. Bruno founded (1084) the famous monastery, La Grande Chartreuse, the principal seat of the Carthusians until 1903, when the order was expelled from France. The Carthusians returned to their monastery in 1941. The monastery was destroyed several times; the present buildings (now a museum) date mainly from the 17th cent. Chartreuse liqueur originated there.
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A monastery of the Carthusian monks, esp. in France.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
1. either of two liqueurs, green or yellow, made from herbs and flowers
a. a colour varying from a clear yellowish-green to a strong greenish-yellow
b. (as adjective): a chartreuse dress
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005