The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also chashnichii), from the 14th to 18th centuries, a rank and position at the court of the grand prince of Moscow and later the tsar.

The chashnik was originally the head of the special court institution that was in charge of drinking establishments and wild-hive beekeeping. The chashnik also supervised the economy, administration, and judicial system of crown hamlets and villages inhabited by wild-hive beekeepers and managed the crown’s wild-hive forests. The chashnik was among the closest advisers of the prince.

In the 16th and 17th centuries the administrative functions of the chashnik passed to the Sytnyi Dvor, which prepared beverages for the tsar’s household, and the duties of the chashnik were reduced to serving the tsar at banquets and the holiday feasts. The rank of chasnik was abolished in the early 18th century.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
I affirmed: it's over.' From then on, Constructivists including El Lissitzky, llya Chashnik, Valentina Kulagina, and Gustav Klutsis--directed their talents to design--everything from stage costumes, ceramics and architecture to domestic goods, graphic art, film and photography.
Chashnik's small but significant oeuvre was dramatically reduced by the destruction of his archives in Vitebsk during the Second World War.
Just last summer the French auction house Tajan removed Suprematist Cross, supposedly by Chashnik, from its June sale.
The Suprematists Kazimir Malevich, Nikolai Suetin and Ilya Chashnik worked at the factory for a few years when they arrived from Vitebsk in 1922 --they needed a worker's card which provided bread.