Chashniki


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Chashniki

 

a city since 1966 and the administrative center of Chashniki Raion, Vitebsk Oblast, Byelorussian SSR. Chashniki is situated on the Ulla River, a tributary of the Zapadnaia Dvina. Railroad station on the Orsha-Lepel’ line. The city has an alcohol plant, a flax-processing plant, and a paper factory.

In the final stage of the Patriotic War of 1812, battles were fought near Chashniki between the Russian I Separate Corps under General P. Kh. Vitgenshtein and the French II and IX Corps of marshals L. de Gouvion-Saint-Cyr and C. Victor-Perrin. On orders from Napoleon I to reinforce the northwestern axis, Victor-Perrin set out for the Ulla River, joining Gouvion-Saint-Cyr’s corps on October 18 (30). On October 19 (31), Vitgenshtein attacked Gouvion-Saint-Cyr, driving him across the Ulla. Upon learning that units from Victor-Perrin’s corps had also fought in the battle, Vitgenshtein decided not to continue the offensive and stopped near Chashniki, awaiting the approach of the forces of Field Marshal M. I. Kutuzov and Admiral P. V. Chichagov. After the French retreated to Senno, Napoleon ordered them to drive Vitgenshtein beyond the Zapadnaia Dvina River. Victor-Perrin’s and Gouvion-Saint-Cyr’s troops took the offensive on November 2 (14) and initially forced the Russian vanguard back toward Chashniki. In bitter fighting, the village of Smol’nia changed hands several times. After losing as many as 3,000 men, the French retreated along the road to Beshenkovichi.

References in periodicals archive ?
Major organization : DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, SPORTS AND TOURISM OF CHASHNIKI DISTRICT EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
Major organization : UNITARY ENTERPRISE "HOUSING AND COMMUNAL SERVICES" IN CHASHNIKI, CHASHNIKI DISTRICT
Address : Vitebsk region, Chashniki, 211156, Gagarin St.
Major organization : DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND FOOD OF CHASHNIKI DISTRICT EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE BELARUS
Address : Committee Belarus, Vitebsk Region, Chashniki, 211149, ul.
Prequalification are invited for "Replacement of windows in the office number 17 of the statistical department of the Chashniki district of the Main Statistical Office of the Vitebsk region located in the administrative building at: Chashniki, Oktyabrskaya Str.
Tenders are invited for Execution of engineering and geodetic surveys for the capital construction object of 2017 "Expansion of subscriber access of a multiservice network using XPON technology in Chashniki Stage 3"
purchase of technological equipment for the project "Reconstruction of the administrative and commercial building under the state institution" Territoralny center of social service "Chashniki area" in Chashniki Str.