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the Russian term for any one of several early-ripening varieties of table grapes native to Asia Minor. There are white, pink, and black varieties. The medium-sized bunches, which weigh 100–250 g, are cylindrical-conical and vary from dense to loose in compactness. The large oval or slightly ovate grapes are greenish white, pink, or black. They have a pleasant taste reminiscent of muscat grapes. The yield may reach 16 tons per hectare. The grapes are eaten fresh and are easily transported. They are grown in Bulgaria, Rumania, Turkey, Greece, and Algeria. White varieties are grown in the USSR, mainly in the southern Ukraine, the Lower Volga Region, and Kirghizia (Chu and Talas valleys).