Che Guevara

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Che Guevara
Ernesto Guevara
BirthplaceRosario, Santa Fe, Argentina
Physician, author, government official

Guevara, Che

Guevara, Che (Ernesto Guevara) (chā gāväˈrä, ārnĕsˈtō), 1928–67, Cuban revolutionary and political leader, b. Argentina. Trained as a physician at the Univ. of Buenos Aires, he took part (1952) in riots against the dictator Juan Perón in Argentina, joined agitators in Bolivia, and worked in a leper colony. In 1953 he went to Guatemala, joined the leftist regime of Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán, and when Arbenz was overthrown (1954) fled to Mexico, where he met Fidel Castro and other Cuban rebels. Guevara became Castro's chief lieutenant soon after the rebel invasion of Cuba in 1956, in which he proved to be a resourceful guerrilla leader. As president of the national bank after the fall (Jan., 1959) of Fulgencio Batista he was instrumental in cutting Cuba's traditional ties with the United States and in directing the flow of trade to the Communist bloc. He served (1961–65) as minister of industry. At heart a revolutionary rather than an administrator, he left Cuba in 1965 to foster revolutionary activity in the Congo and other countries. In 1967, directing an ineffective guerrilla movement in Bolivia, he was wounded, captured, and executed by government troops. Guevara wrote Guerrilla Warfare (1961), Man and Socialism in Cuba (1967), Reminiscences of the Cuban Revolutionary War (1968), and The African Dream (2001), a forthright account of the failed Congo rebellion. His Diary of a Combatant, describing his role in the Cuban revolution, was published in Cuba in 2011.


See his diaries, ed. by R. Scheer (1968) and by D. James (1968); his speeches and writings, ed. by J. Gerassi (1968) and D. Deutschmann (1987); biography by J. L. Anderson (1997); D. James, Che Guevara (1969); M. Ebon, Che: The Making of a Legend (1969); L. J. González and G. A. Sánchez Salazar, The Great Rebel (tr. 1969); R. Harris, Death of a Revolutionary (1970); L. Sauvage, Che Guevara: The Failure of a Revolutionary (1974).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Seamus Cullen as Che Guevara, and (below) with Rachael Wooding as Eva Peron in Evita
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Likewise, the myth of Che Guevara is connected worldwide to the memory of the triumph of the Cuban Revolution and the African wars of Independence.
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Historian Frank Niess presents Che Guevara, an in-depth biography of social revolutionary Che Guevara (1928-1967) that separates myth from reality.
I was inspired by the film The Motorcycle Diaries to read this rather short biography of Che Guevara, mainly to see how much of the film reflected the truth about Che's experience.
If the thousands of college students who wear stylized Che Guevara T-shirts knew of his murders, they'd probably burn their shirts.
The writings of great revolutionaries such as Mao Tse-tung, Amilcar Cabral, Che Guevara, Fidel Castro, Frantz Fanon, Malcolm X, and others were raising the consciousness of the oppressed masses throughout world.
A San Francisco cop (acting without authorization) donned a Che Guevara pin and helped whip up excitement at an anti-war rally.
Without a doubt, Che Guevara was one of the most important men of the 20th century.