Che Guevara

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Che Guevara
Ernesto Guevara
Birthday
BirthplaceRosario, Santa Fe, Argentina
Died
Occupation
Physician, author, government official

Guevara, Che

(Ernesto Guevara) (chā gāvä`rä, ārnĕs`tō), 1928–67, Cuban revolutionary and political leader, b. Argentina. Trained as a physician at the Univ. of Buenos Aires, he took part (1952) in riots against the dictator Juan PerónPerón, Juan Domingo
, 1895–1974, president of Argentina (1946–55; 1973–74). Early Career and First Presidency

An army officer, Perón was the leader of a group of colonels that rose to prominence after the overthrow of the government
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 in Argentina, joined agitators in Bolivia, and worked in a leper colony. In 1953 he went to Guatemala, joined the leftist regime of Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán, and when Arbenz was overthrown (1954) fled to Mexico, where he met Fidel CastroCastro, Fidel
(Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz) , 1926–2016, Cuban revolutionary, premier of Cuba (1959–76), president of the Council of State and of the Council of Ministers (1976–2008).
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 and other Cuban rebels. Guevara became Castro's chief lieutenant soon after the rebel invasion of Cuba in 1956, in which he proved to be a resourceful guerrilla leader. As president of the national bank after the fall (Jan., 1959) of Fulgencio BatistaBatista y Zaldívar, Fulgencio
, 1901–73, president of Cuba (1940–44, 1952–59). An army sergeant, Batista took part in the overthrow of Gerardo Machado in 1933 and subsequently headed the military and student junta that ousted Carlos Manuel de
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 he was instrumental in cutting Cuba's traditional ties with the United States and in directing the flow of trade to the Communist bloc. He served (1961–65) as minister of industry. At heart a revolutionary rather than an administrator, he left Cuba in 1965 to foster revolutionary activity in the Congo and other countries. In 1967, directing an ineffective guerrilla movement in Bolivia, he was wounded, captured, and executed by government troops. Guevara wrote Guerrilla Warfare (1961), Man and Socialism in Cuba (1967), Reminiscences of the Cuban Revolutionary War (1968), and The African Dream (2001), a forthright account of the failed Congo rebellion. His Diary of a Combatant, describing his role in the Cuban revolution, was published in Cuba in 2011.

Bibliography

See his diaries, ed. by R. Scheer (1968) and by D. James (1968); his speeches and writings, ed. by J. Gerassi (1968) and D. Deutschmann (1987); biography by J. L. Anderson (1997); D. James, Che Guevara (1969); M. Ebon, Che: The Making of a Legend (1969); L. J. González and G. A. Sánchez Salazar, The Great Rebel (tr. 1969); R. Harris, Death of a Revolutionary (1970); L. Sauvage, Che Guevara: The Failure of a Revolutionary (1974).

References in periodicals archive ?
As is well known, Che Guevera was committed to uplifting the poor in the grossly unequal societies in Latin America.
It may be argued that Steve Jobs was motivated in a similar manner as Che Guevera.
Wilk's philosophical leanings, Gilbert noted, are illustrated by the fact the Judge keeps a picture of Che Guevera, the Argentinean freedom fighter, in his office.
If Che Guevera hadn't existed, perhaps some propagandist or poet might have invented him.
Meanwhile in Cuba, after conversations with Castro and his ally, Che Guevera, Mikoyan became convinced of the dangers of having any nuclear weapons in Cuba especially if they were transferred to Cuban control.
Revolutionary Che Guevera and artist Andy Warhol are born.
One has Che Guevera all over it, the other simply says Cuba.
Generations of city teenagers have gathered at the little shop at the side of the old Hippodrome to buy everything from the latest 2-tone badge to posters of David Bowie and 60s freedom fighter Che Guevera.
It presents the image of Guevera, a simulacrum, to the reader, not the Che Guevera who dared to challenge the CIA:
Week of Che Guevera, hunted, hurt, held prisoner one lost day, then gangstered down for gold, for justice -- violence cracking on violence, rock on rock, the corpse of our last armed prophet laid out on a sink in a shed, revealed by flashlight.
Other guys used the excuse to dress up as Che Guevera and, oddly, given the Latino theme, there were a couple of Afro wigs - presumably the wearers had just found them at the bottom of their dressing-up box.