Chelidonium


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Chelidonium

 

(celandine), a genus of herbaceous plants of the family Papaveraceae. There is a single species, Chelidonium majus, a perennial with bright orange milky sap. The leaves are deeply pinnatifid, and the tetramerous flowers are gathered in umbels. The fruit is a pod-like capsule.

The plant grows in the subtropical and temperate climates of the northern hemisphere. It is widespread throughout the USSR except in the northern regions and in Middle Asia. The plant grows in damp ravines, in undergrowth, in timber-felling areas, and in deciduous forests. Most commonly it occurs as a weed in parks, gardens, pastures, and weed-infested areas. A poisonous plant, it contains chelidonine and other alkaloids. There have been cases of celandine poisonings of goats and hogs. The sap is used externally to eliminate warts and to treat ulcers, wounds, and certain skin diseases. Tinctures from the grass act as bile-expelling agents.

REFERENCE

Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chelidonium majus leaves methanol extract and its chelidonine alkaloid ingredient reduce cadmium-induced nephrotoxicity in rats.
Chelidonium, (celindine) is a herb that is used on warts or skin tags and over time will gently remove them, without burning them off in the way some of the chemical products do.
Chelidonium majus (CM) commonly known as swallow-wort, rock poppy or greater celandine belongs to Family-Papaveraceae and is widely distributed in Europe and Western Asia (Nawrot et al.
There's a double Greater Celandine, too, Chelidonium major Flora Pleno, and that has the advantage of coming true from seed.
1), B/C-cis-11-hydroxyhexahydrobenzo[c]phenanthridine alkaloids classified as partially hydrogenated-type congeners, were isolated and described as the main natural constituents of Chelidonium majus L.
Chelidonium majus (Ukrain) in the treatment of cancer patients.
Fumaria officinalis (fumitory-of-the-wall) and Chelidonium majus (celandine) are two among many cholagogues that empirically seem to be helpful.
neglectum + en 2; Hydrocotyle vulgaris y Thelypteris palustris 1 en 2; Frangula alnus + en 3; Eleocharis palustris: r en 2; Chelidonium majus, Carex remota, Torilis arvensis y Cucubalus baccifer + en 4; Verbena officinalis e Hypericum perforatum r en 4; Calamagrostis pseudophragmites + en 5; Cystopteris viridula r en 6; Hypericum androsaemum + en 8; Centaurea nigra, Gratiola officinalis y Echium rosulatum + en 9; Galinsoga ciliata + en 10; Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum + en 11; Digitalis purpurea + en 12; Acer negundo (<1,5 m) + en 13; Hieracium gr.
Ukrain[TM], a purported anticancer drug, has been described as a semi-synthetic Chelidonium majus alkaloid derivative, consisting of three chelidonine molecules combined to thiophosphoric acid (thiotepa).
Chelidonium majus--an integrative review: Forschende Komplementarmedizin und Klassische Naturheilkunde 2010;17(5):241-8
Chelidonium majus L (Ukrain) in the treatment of cancer patients.
Holodd Wyn G Roberts, Pwllheli os oedd melynllys (llysiau'r wennol; Chelidonium majus yn ddiogel at ddefaid.