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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(celandine), a genus of herbaceous plants of the family Papaveraceae. There is a single species, Chelidonium majus, a perennial with bright orange milky sap. The leaves are deeply pinnatifid, and the tetramerous flowers are gathered in umbels. The fruit is a pod-like capsule.

The plant grows in the subtropical and temperate climates of the northern hemisphere. It is widespread throughout the USSR except in the northern regions and in Middle Asia. The plant grows in damp ravines, in undergrowth, in timber-felling areas, and in deciduous forests. Most commonly it occurs as a weed in parks, gardens, pastures, and weed-infested areas. A poisonous plant, it contains chelidonine and other alkaloids. There have been cases of celandine poisonings of goats and hogs. The sap is used externally to eliminate warts and to treat ulcers, wounds, and certain skin diseases. Tinctures from the grass act as bile-expelling agents.


Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
These were cryptopine in Chelidonium majus; N,N- dimethylhernovine in Meconopsis cambrica, Berberis thunbergii, Mahonia aquifolium, Corydalis cava, Glaucium flavum, and Chelidonium majus; methyl-hernovine in Glaucium flavum; columbamine in Berberis thunbergii; methyl-corypalmine, chelidonine, and sanguinarine in Fumaria officinalis; and sanguinarine in Corydalis cava.
Acute hepatitis induced by greater celandine (Chelidonium majus).
Anthropogenic indicators such as Chenopodium album, greater celandine (Chelidonium majus) and annual nettle (Urtica urens) also occur, but they might originate from the uppermost layer, as we do not know the degree of contamination of the layers.
"One study completed by four German scientists at a veterinary college showed that Chelidonium 3x (celandine) [a homeopathic remedy] lowered serum cholesterol when given twice a day to rabbits on a cholesterol-rich diet.
W., et al., "Sensitization for specific lysis in target-effector-systemwith derivatives of Chelidonium majus L.
Schwedleri, Alnus glutinosa, Asparagus officinalis, Berberis thunbergii, Betula nigra, Campanula rapunculoides, Chaenomeles speciosa, Chelidonium majus, Convallaria majalis, Euonymus fortunei, Hesperis matronalis, Iris germanica, Lespedeza bicolor, Lonicera tatarica, Narcissus poeticus, N.
Therapeutically designed diets, supplements, and injectable natural substances, such as Mistletoe, Chelidonium, and high dose vitamins will be utilized.
A I HAVE had some success with a combination of Poke-root ointment and Chelidonium tincture.
Temporal variation of flower and fruit size in relation to seed yield in celandine poppy (Chelidonium majus; Papaveraceae).
Isoquinoline alkaloids such as coptisine, allocryptopine, protopine, berberine, chelidonine, sanguinarine, and chelerythrine are the main constituents of Chelidonium majus L.